Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 517–529 | Cite as

The reliability and validity of a structured interview for the assessment of infectious illness symptoms

  • Karen Orts
  • John F. Sheridan
  • Susan Robinson-Whelen
  • Ronald Glaser
  • William B. Malarkey
  • Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser
Article

Abstract

Respiratory infections are the leading cause of morbidity in community populations. We developed a structured interview based on the Health Review (Roseet al., Psychosom. Med. 40: 142–165, 1978) to provide a simple method for periodic assessment of infectious illness, particularly upper respiratory infections. Congruence between interview data and physician diagnoses demonstrated excellent agreement regarding the presence or absence of an infection. Subjects who showed a clinically significant increase in antibody titers to an influenza virus vaccine reported fewer than half as many respiratory infections in the subsequent year as subjects who did not show a significant response. Interrater and test-retest reliabilities were satisfactory. These data support the reliability and validity of this method of assessing infectious illnesses.

Key Words

infectious illness assessment reliability validity 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Orts
    • 1
  • John F. Sheridan
    • 2
  • Susan Robinson-Whelen
    • 1
  • Ronald Glaser
    • 3
  • William B. Malarkey
    • 4
  • Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryOhio State University College of MedicineColumbus
  2. 2.Department of Oral BiologyOhio State University College of DentistryColumbus
  3. 3.Department of Medical Microbiology and ImmunologyOhio State University College of MedicineColumbus
  4. 4.Department of MedicineOhio State University College of MedicineColumbus

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