Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 305–313 | Cite as

Personality and patient adherence: Correlates of the five-factor model in renal dialysis

  • Alan J. Christensen
  • Timothy W. Smith
Article

Abstract

The five-factor taxonomy of personality traits has received increasing attention in the literature regarding personality correlates of health outcomes and behaviors. We examined the association of the five NEO Five-Factor Inventory dimensions to medical regimen adherence in a sample of 72 renal dialysis patients. Results indicated that Conscientiousness (Dimension III) is a five-factor trait significantly associated with adherence to the medication regimen. No other NEO-FFI dimension was significantly associated with patient adherence.

Key Words

adherence conscientiousness renal dialysis chronic illness 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan J. Christensen
    • 1
  • Timothy W. Smith
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, E11 Seashore HallUniversity of IowaIowa City
  2. 2.University of UtahSalt Lake City

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