Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 377–384 | Cite as

Cancer awareness and self-examination practices in young men and women

  • Roger C. Katz
  • Kelly Meyers
  • Jennifer Walls


Participants in this study (N=178) were poorly informed about risk factors, warning signs, and self-examination (SE) practices for two common cancers in young adults, testicular cancer in men and breast cancer in women. Compared to women, men were less likely to know about, see the importance of, or practice SE. We found no relationship between internal locus of control, hypochondriasis, and loneliness, on the one hand, and cancer knowledge and SE, on the other. The best predictors of cancer awareness and SE were fear of developing cancer and self-rated confidence that SE was being done correctly. The results are consistent with a health belief model and self-efficacy theory of health behavior.

Key words

breast cancer testicular cancer gender and cancer prevention 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger C. Katz
    • 1
  • Kelly Meyers
    • 1
  • Jennifer Walls
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of the PacificStockton

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