Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 341–353 | Cite as

Leisure-time physical activity in an African-American population

  • Clifford L. Broman


Despite the many important benefits of leisure-time physical exercise on health, many Americans do not engage in exercise. This is more the case for the African-American population. This study assesses the impact of efficacy cognitions on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in an African-American sample. Our findings show that LTPA is predicted by the sense of efficacy in this African-American sample. Further analyses address significant factors in the prediction of the sense of efficacy. We find that the general sense of mastery predicts efficacy in this African-American sample. This may be especially significant for the African-American population. Also, analysis reveals surprising findings concerning characteristics predictive of efficacy cognitions. The highly educated are least likely to believe in the efficacy of preventive health behavior.

Key words

physical activity exercise preventive health behavior African-American 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clifford L. Broman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyMichigan State UniversityEast Lansing

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