Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 93–105 | Cite as

Biofeedback treatments of generalized anxiety disorder: Preliminary results

  • Kathleen M. Rice
  • Edward B. Blanchard
  • Michael Purcell
Original Articles


Forty-five individuals with generalized anxiety (38 with GAD as defined by DSM-III) were randomized to 4 treatment conditions or a waiting list control. Patients received 8 sessions of either frontal EMG biofeedback, biofeedback to increase EEG alpha, biofeedback to decrease EEG alpha, or a pseudomeditation control condition. All treated subjects showed significant reductions in STAI-Trait Anxiety and psychophysiologic symptoms on the Psychosomatic Symptom Checklist. Only alpha-increase biofeedback subjects showed significant reductions in heart rate reactivity to stressors at a separate psychophysiological testing session. Decreased self-report of anxiety was maintained at 6 weeks posttreatment.

Descriptor Key Words

Generalized anxiety disorder EMG biofeedback EEG alpha biofeedback 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen M. Rice
    • 1
  • Edward B. Blanchard
    • 1
  • Michael Purcell
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New York at AlbanyUSA

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