Preliminary findings of altered follicular activity in Holstein cows with coagulation factor XI deficiency
Factor XI (F XI) deficiency is an autosomal recessive coagulopathy found in Holstein cattle. Affected animals have a 50% greater prevalence of repeat breeding. Therefore, several parameters describing ovarian function were studied. Daily blood sampling revealed that progesterone concentrations were slower to decline from a peak at day 16 (p<0.01) to values less than 3 nmol/L in F XI-deficient cows (5.14±0.69 days (mean ± SD) versus 4.05±0.63 days in control animals), resulting in an oestrous cycle length of 24.7±2.1 days compared to 22.9±3.0 days, respectively. This was not due to an alteration in the availability of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) or oxytocin (OT) involved in luteolysis. No significant differences (p>0.05) were seen between normal (n=7) and F XI-deficient (n=7) cows in the peak values or the area under the curve for the pulse in 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGF2α in response to OT challenge or in the parameters describing the pulse of ovarian OT secretion after PGF2α injection (n=7 for each) between days 12 and 14. Ovulatory follicular development was assessed by ultrasound monitoring and plasma 17β-oestradiol values at 8-h intervals after a luteolytic injection of cloprostenol (n=6 for each). Follicular diameter was smaller (p<0.05) and accompanied by lower peak oestradiol values near the time of ovulation in F XI-deficient cows. The results suggest that the oestrous cycle in F XI-deficient cows is characterized by a slower process of luteolysis that may be associated with smaller follicular development.
Keywordscow factor XI Holstein oestrous cycle ovary oxytocin progesterone prostaglandin F2α
- F XI
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