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Sedimentology and genesis of the Cenozoic sediments of northwestern Himalayas (India)

Zusammenfassung

Herkunft und Sedimentationsraum der im Nordwestabschnitt des Himalaya anstehenden känozoischen Sedimente werden ausführlich dargestellt. Die Ergebnisse beruhen auf detaillierten sedimentologischen, einschlie\lich mineralogischen, petrographischen und petrochemischen Untersuchungen von mehr als 3000 repräsentativen Proben.

Es wird gefolgert, da\ der Detritus der känozoischen Schichtglieder hauptsächlich von metamorphen, in den angrenzenden Himalaya-Gebieten anstehenden Gesteinen stammt.

Der Detritus der ältesten Einheit der känozoischen Folge wurde in marinen Flachwassern abgelagert. Die übrigen Schichten stellen Anhäufungen räumlich und zeitlich schwankender, nicht-mariner Ablagerungsräume dar.

Abstract

The paper discusses at length the provenance and the environments of sedimentation of the Cenozoic sediments exposed in the northwestern sector of the Himalayas. The results are based on detailed sedimentological (including mineralogical, petrographical and petrochemical) investigations of more than 3,000 representative samples.

It is concluded that the detritus of the Cenozoic formations was derived mainly from metamorphosed rocks exposed in the adjacent Himalayan regions. A comparatively smaller proportion of the sediments was contributed by acid plutonic, volcanic and sedimentary rocks.

The detritus of the oldest unit of the Cenozoic sequence was deposited in shallow marine waters. The remaining formations represent the accumulations of nonmarine environments fluctuating in space and time.

Résumé

La provenance des sédiments cénozoÏques et le domaine de sédimentation du secteur nord-ouest de l'Himalaya sont décrits en détail. Les résultats reposent sur des recherches sédimentologiques, à la fois minéralogiques, pétrographiques et pétrochimiques, de plus de 3000 échantillons représentatifs. Les résultats montrent que les détritiques proviennent principalement de roches métamorphiques affleurant dans les régions de l'Himalaya situées en bordure. Les détritiques de l'unité la plusancienne de la série cénozoÏque se sont déposés dans des eaux marines peu profondes. Les autres couches sont des dépÔts dans des bassins non marins, variant dans le temps et l'espace.

кРАткОЕ сОДЕРжАНИЕ

пОДРОБНО ОпИсАНы пРО ИсхОжДЕНИЕ И ОБлАсть сЕДИМЕНтАцИИ кАИНОж ОИскИх ОсАДОЧНых пОРОД сЕВЕ РО-жАпАДНОгО РАИОНА г ИМАлАЕВ. РЕжУльтАты ОсНОВАНы НА ДЕтАльНых сЕДИМЕН тОлОгИЧЕскИх, МИНЕРА лОгИЧЕскИх, пЕтРОгРАФИЧЕскИх И пЕтРОхИМИЧЕскИх Исс лЕДОВАНИь БОлЕЕ ЧЕМ 3000 пРОБ. сДЕлАН ВыВОД, ЧтО ДЕтР ИтНыИ МАтЕРИАл кАИНО жОИскИх слОЕВ пРОИсхОДИт гл. ОБР. Иж МАтЕМОРФНых пОРОД ОБлАстЕИ, пРИМы кАУЩИх к гИМАлАьМ. ДЕтРИтОВыИ МАтЕРИАл ДРЕВНЕИшИх кАИНОжОИ скИх пОРОД ОтлАгАлсь В РАИОНЕ пРИБРЕжНых жОН. ОстАл ьНыЕ ОтлОжЕНИь пРЕДс тАВлЕНы пОРОДАМИ НЕ-МОРскОгО пРОИсхОжДЕНИь. кРАткОЕ сОДЕРжАНИЕ пОДРОБНО ОпИсАНы пРО ИсхОжДЕНИЕ И ОБлАсть сЕДИМЕНтАцИИ кАИНОж ОИскИх ОсАДОЧНых пОРОД сЕВЕ РО-жАпАДНОгО РАИОНА г ИМАлАЕВ. РЕжУльтАты ОсНОВАНы НА ДЕтАльНых сЕДИМЕН тОлОгИЧЕскИх, МИНЕРА лОгИЧЕскИх, пЕтРОгРАФИЧЕскИх И пЕтРОхИМИЧЕскИх Исс лЕДОВАНИь БОлЕЕ ЧЕМ 3000 пРОБ. сДЕлАН ВыВОД, ЧтО ДЕтР ИтНыИ МАтЕРИАл кАИНО жОИскИх слОЕВ пРОИсхОДИт гл. ОБР. Иж МАтЕМОРФНых пОРОД ОБлАстЕИ, пРИМы кАУЩИх к гИМАлАьМ. ДЕтРИтОВыИ МАтЕРИАл ДРЕВНЕИшИх кАИНОжОИ скИх пОРОД ОтлАгАлсь В РАИОНЕ пРИБРЕжНых жОН. ОстАл ьНыЕ ОтлОжЕНИь пРЕДс тАВлЕНы пОРОДАМИ НЕ-МОРскОгО пРОИсхОжДЕНИь.

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Chaudhri, R.S. Sedimentology and genesis of the Cenozoic sediments of northwestern Himalayas (India). Geol Rundsch 64, 958–977 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01820706

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Keywords

  • Sedimentation
  • Representative Sample
  • Small Proportion
  • Sedimentary Rock
  • Detritus