Advertisement

Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 195–206 | Cite as

Developmental, social and behavioral characteristics of speech and language disordered children

  • Lorian Baker
  • Dennis P. Cantwell
Articles

Abstract

This paper reports on an epidemiological study of psychiatric disorder in children with speech and language disorders. Earlier preliminary analyses of data on the children presenting to a speech clinic suggested that these children are at risk for the development of psychiatric disorder. Data on a larger number of children is analyzed in the present paper, and particular attention is given to the developmental, demographic and linguistic factors which may play a role in the etiology of psychiatric disorder or communication disorder. The data confirms that communication disordered children are at risk for the development of psychiatric disorder, and indicates that adverse environmental conditions do not seem to be responsible for this risk. A subgroup of children who are at greatest risk is identified and described.

Keywords

Epidemiological Study Psychiatric Disorder Social Psychology Great Risk Preliminary Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Cantwell DP, Baker L: Psychiatric disorder in children with speech and language retardation. A critical review.Arch Gen Psychiatry 34:583–591, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Weber JL: The speech and language abilities of emotionally disturbed children.Can Psychiatr Assoc J 10: 417–420, 1965.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chess S, Rosenberg M: Clinical differentiation among children with initial language complaints.J Autism Child Schizo 4:99–109, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Friedlander BZ, Wetstone MS, McPeek DL: Systematic assessment of selective language listening deficit in emotionally disturbed children.J Child Psychol Psychiatry 15:1–12, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Richman N: Behaviour problems in pre-school children: Family and social factors.Br J Psychiatry 131:532–527, 1977.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Richman N, Stevenson J, Grapham P: Prevalence of behaviour problems in 3-year-old children: An epidemiological study in a London Borough.J Child Psychol Psychiatr 16:277–288, 1975.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Richman N, Stevenson J: Language delay in 3-year-old children: Family and social factors.Acta Paediatr Belg 30:213–219, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stevenson JE, Richman N: The prevalence of language delay in a population of three-year-old children and its association with general retardation.Dev Med Child Neurol 18:431–441, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stevenson J, Richman N: Behavior, language, and development in three-year-old children.J Autism Child Schizo 8:299–313, 1978.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mattison R, Cantwell DP, Baker L: Behavior problems in children with speech and language retardation.Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 10:246–257, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    American Psychiatric Association, Task Force on Nomenclature and Statistics:Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edition. Washington, D.C., APA, 1980.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cantwell DP, Baker L, Mattison RE: The prevalence of psychiatric disorder in children with speech and language disorder: An epidemiologic study.J Am Acad Child Psychiatry 18:450–461, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cantwell DP, Baker L, Mattison RE: Factors associated with the development of psychiatric disorder in speech and language retardation.Arch Gen Psychiatry 37:423–426, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Baker L, Cantwell DP, Mattison R: Behavior problems in children with pure speech disorders and in children with combined speech and language disorders.J Abnorm Psychol 8:245–256, 1980.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rutter M, Graham P, Yule W:A Neuropsychiatric Study in Children. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, No. 35/36, London, Heinemann, 1970.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Conners DK: Rating scales for use in drug studies with children.Psychopharmacol Bull (Special Issue) 24–59, 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorian Baker
    • 1
  • Dennis P. Cantwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuropsychiatric InstituteUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos Angeles

Personalised recommendations