Advertisement

Who forgets? An analysis of memory effects in a retrospective survey on migration history

  • Nadia Auriat
Articles

Abstract

An inevitable difficulty in the study of memory error in retrospective surveys is the availability of an objective source of data or information against which to compare survey responses. Without this external source, the response reliability of an individual cannot be accurately assessed. The strength of this study, focused on modelling memory effects in migration history data, is a survey conducted in 1988 by the National Institute for Demographic Studies (I.N.E.D.), in collaboration with the Catholic University of Louvain-la-Neuve (U.C.L., Belgium). This data allows insight into the reliability of responses obtained from an autobiographical retrospective survey, and highlights the demographic characteristics that may interact with memory effects in recall of migration history. In addition, the data obtained from this survey allows response reliability comparisons between gender, and also between joint interviewing of spouses and singular interviewing of spouses.

Keywords

Demographic Characteristic History Data Public Finance External Source Survey Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Qui oublie? Une analyse des effets de mémoire dans une enquête rétrospective sur la biographie migratoire (en anglais)

Résumé

L'une des difficultés dans l'étude des erreurs de mémoire dans les enquêtes rétrospectives est la disponibilité de données pour vérifier l'exactitude des réponses fournies. L'Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques (I.N.E.D.), en collaboration avec l'Institut de Démographie du L'Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, a répondu à ce besoin en élaborant une enquête spécifique basée sur la collecte d'histoires de vie, d'une part auprès de couples mariées, d'autre part auprès du registre belge de population. En employant des modèles loglinéaires, cette étude nous permet d'identifier les caractéristiques socio-démographiques liées à des oublis dans le récit des migrations successives. De plus, les données de cette enquête nous permettent de comparer l'efficacité du questionnement individuel auprès d'un membre d'un couple par rapport au questionnement simultané des conjoints.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agresti, A., 1989, Categorical data analysis (Wiley, New York).Google Scholar
  2. Allan, G., 1980, A note on interviewing spouses together, Journal of Marriage and the Family, 205–210.Google Scholar
  3. Auriat, N., 1991, My wife knows best: A comparison of migration dating accuracy between the wife, the husband, the couple... and the Belgium Population Register, Paper presented at the NATO Conference on Autobiographical Memory, Grange-over-sands, UK.Google Scholar
  4. Bernard, H., 1984, The problem of informant accuracy: The validity of retrospective data, Annual Review of Anthropology 13, 495–517.Google Scholar
  5. Bradburn, N., 1987, Answering autobiographical questions: The impact of memory and inference on surveys, Science 236, 157–161.Google Scholar
  6. Cherlin, A., 1980, Retrospective reports of family structure, Sociological Methods and Research 8, 454–469.Google Scholar
  7. Courgeau, D., 1985a, Effets de données erronées sur une analyse de données migratoires, Chaire Quételet 1983 (Cabay, Louvain-la-Neuve).Google Scholar
  8. Courgeau, D., 1985b, Interaction between spatial mobility, family, and career life-cycle: A French survey, European Sociological Review 1, 139–162.Google Scholar
  9. Courgeau, D., 1991, Analyse des données biographiques erronées, Population 1, 89–104.Google Scholar
  10. Davis, P.J., 1991, Gender differences in autobiographical memory for childhood emotional experiences, Paper presented at the NATO Conference on Autobiographical Memory, Grange-over-sands, UK.Google Scholar
  11. Fivush, R., 1991, The social construction of autobiographical memory, Paper presented at the NATO Conference on Autobiographical Memory, Grange-over-sands, UK.Google Scholar
  12. Means, B., 1989, Autobiographical memory for health related events (National Center for Health Statistics, Series 6, Maryland).Google Scholar
  13. Morenzo, L., 1989, The use of a calender to collect migration data, Paper prepared for the General Conference in New Delhi; Demographic and Health Surveys, Institute for Resources Development.Google Scholar
  14. Neter, J., 1964, A study of response error in experimental data from interviews, Journal of the American Statistical Association 59, 18–55.Google Scholar
  15. Poulain, M., 1978, Du registre de population aux statistiques de migrations internes en Belgique: critique des sources et correction des données, Population et Famille 45, 1–45.Google Scholar
  16. Poulain, M., 1982, La concordance entre réponses des époux à une enquête sur la mobilité des ménages, Communication au congrès de l'IARUS, Székesfehérvar, Hungary.Google Scholar
  17. Presser, S., 1984, Is inaccuracy on factual survey items item-specific or respondent-specific?, Public Opinion Quarterly 48, 345–355.Google Scholar
  18. Redfern, P., 1989, Population registers: Some administrative and statistical pros and cons (Royal Statistical Society, London).Google Scholar
  19. Riandey, B., 1985, L'enquête Biographie familiale, professionnelle, et migratoire (INED, 1981). Le bilan de la collecte, Chaire Quételet 1983 (Cabay, Louvain-la-Neuve).Google Scholar
  20. Riandey, B., 1989, Répertoire des enquêtes démographiques, Bilan pour la France métropolitaine, Revue française de sociologie 1.Google Scholar
  21. Rubin, D., 1986, Autobiographical memory (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  22. Schuman, H., 1989, Generations and collective memories, American Sociological Review 54, 359–381.Google Scholar
  23. Sikkel, D., 1985, Models for memory effects, Journal of the American Statistical Association 80, 834–841.Google Scholar
  24. Smith, T., 1984, Recalling attitudes: An analysis of retrospective questions on the 1982 GSS, Public Opinion Quarterly 48, 639–649.Google Scholar
  25. Sudman, S., 1973. Effects of time and memory factors on responses in surveys, Journal of the American Statistical Association, December, 68 (34).Google Scholar
  26. VanDosselar, D., 1985, Analysis of memory effects at the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, Bulletin of the International Statistical Institute, 47th series, Paris Colloqium.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadia Auriat
    • 1
  1. 1.I.N.E.D.Paris Cedex 14France

Personalised recommendations