, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 435–488 | Cite as

Cytotaxonomy ofCalliphoridae (Diptera)

  • J. W. Boyes
  • G. E. Shewell


A modification of the general system of classification ofCalliphoridae is proposed in this report. Information about the chromosome complements of about 90 species is provided including references to the earlier literature on chromosomes of this family. With one exception all species studied by us or by earlier investigators have 2n=12. The total complement length of 556 complements from 83 species averaged 66.4 μ. Most species have a short heteromorphic sex pair but the size and morphology vary considerably and one species,Hemipyrellia fernandica, seems to have a quadrivalent sex-chromosome complex in a 2n=14 complement. The autosomal pairs vary in both length and arm ratios between the species but seem to be more stable than the sex chromosomes. Only minor variations were found between different collections of the same species except for two collections ofCalliphora croceipalpis. Although presently available data on the chromosomes of Diptera species suggest that increases in total complement length accompany evolutionary progress, no such general trends were obvious in either the total complement lengths or chromosome morphology, either within or between the tribes ofCalliphoridae. Thus the karyotypical reorganizations in the family have apparently not been directly associated with changes in the general morphological features of the adults which may have responded in these respects more extensively to genetic mutations.


Morphological Feature General Trend General System Genetic Mutation Minor Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bier, K. (1960). Der Karyotyp vonCalliphora erythrocephala Meigen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Nährzellkernchromosomen im gebündelten und gepaarten Zustand.Chromosoma (Berl.) 11; 335–364.Google Scholar
  2. Boyes, J. W. (1961). Somatic chromosomes of higher Diptera. V. Interspecific and intraspecific variation in the Calliphoridae.Can. J. Zool. 39: 549–570.Google Scholar
  3. Boyes, J. W. (1967). The cytology of muscoid flies (Chapter 10 in Genetics of insect vectors of disease—Eds.J. W. Wright & R. Pal, for W.H.O. Elsevier Publishing Company. 371–384.Google Scholar
  4. Boyes, J. W. (1973). Chromosomes of Rhagionidae, Stratiomyidae and Xylomyidae (Diptera).Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 15: 255–266.Google Scholar
  5. Boyes, J. W. &B. C. Boyes (1975). Chromosomes of Lauxaniidae and Chamaemyiidae (Diptera).Genetica 45: 273–287.Google Scholar
  6. Boyes, J. W., B. C. Boyes, J. M. van Brink &J. R. Vockeroth. (1973a) Cytotaxonomy of South American Syrphinae.Genetica 44: 368–415.Google Scholar
  7. Boyes, J. W. &J. M. van Brink (1965). Chromosomes of calyptrate Diptera.Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 7: 537–550.Google Scholar
  8. Boyes, J. W., J. M. van Brink & B. C. Boyes. (1971). Chromosomes of Syrphinae (Diptera: Syrphidae). Misc. Publ. Genet. Soc. Can. 158 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Boyes, J. W., J. M. van Brink &B. C. Boyes. (1973b) Chromosomes of Richardiidae, Otitidae and Platystomatidae (Diptera: Acalyptratae).Genetica 44: 553–571.Google Scholar
  10. Boyes, J. W., L. V. Knutson &J. M. van Brink. (1972). Further cytotaxonomic studies ofSciomyzidae, with description of a new species,Dichetophora boyesi Steyskal (Diptera: Acalyptratae).Genetica 43: 334–365.Google Scholar
  11. Boyes, J. W. &G. E. Shewell (1973c) Cytotaxonomy of Bombyliidae (Diptera).Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 15: 21–37.Google Scholar
  12. Boyes, J. W. &A. Wilkes (1953) Somatic chromosomes of higher Diptera I. differentiation of tachinid parasites.Can. J. Zool. 31: 125–165.Google Scholar
  13. Boyes, J. W. &A. Wilkes (1972). Chromosomes of Tabanidae (Diptera)Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 14: 95–104.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Crosskey, R. W. (1965). A systematic revision of the Ameniinae (Diptera: Calliphoridae).Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Ent. 16: 33–140.Google Scholar
  15. Fish, W. A. (1950). The early embryonic development ofLucilia sericata Meigen (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Ohio State Univ. Doctoral Dissertation No. 57, 1949 pp. 47–53.Biol. Abstr. No. 31383, 1950.Google Scholar
  16. Frolowa, S. (1929). Die Polyplodie einiger Gewebe bei Dipteren.Z. Zellforsch. mikroskop. Anat. 8, 542–565.Google Scholar
  17. Hall, D. G. (1965). Family Calliphoridae. In: A. Stone et al., A Catalog of Diptera of North America. USDA Agr. Res. Serv., Agr. Hdbk. No. 276: 922–933.Google Scholar
  18. James, M. T. (1955). The Blowflies of California.Bull. Calif. Ins. Surv., 4, No. 1, 34 pp.Google Scholar
  19. James, M. T. (1970). A catalogue of the Diptera of the Americas south of the United States. 102. Family Calliphoridae. Mus. Zool. Univ. Sao Paulo. 28 pp.Google Scholar
  20. Kaufman, G. &M. Wasserman (1957). Effects of irradiation on the screwworm,Callitroga hominivorax (Coq.).Univ. Texas Publ. No. 5721: 246–259.Google Scholar
  21. Keuneke, W. (1924). Uber die Spermatogenese einiger Dipteren.Z. Zell.-Gewebelehre, 1: 357–412.Google Scholar
  22. Kurahashi, H. (1966). Studies on the calypterate muscoid flies from Japan. V. Revision of the tribe Lucillini (Diptera: Calliphoridae).Sci. Rep. Kanazawa Univ. 11: 105–124.Google Scholar
  23. Kurahashi, H. (1970). Tribe Calliphorini from Australian and Oriental Regions, I. Melinda-group. (Diptera: Calliphoridae).Pacific Ins. 12: 519–542.Google Scholar
  24. La Chance, L. E. (1967). The induction of dominant lethal mutations in insects by ionizing radiation and chemicals-as related to the sterile-male technique of insect control. Chapter 21 in Genetics of insect vectors of disease-eds.J. W. Wright & R. Pal., for W.H.O. Elsevier Publishing Company 617–650.Google Scholar
  25. La Chance, L. E., J. G. Riemann &D. E. Hopkins (1964). A reciprocal translocation in Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Genetic and cytological evidence for preferential segregation in males.Genetics 49: 959–972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Levan, A., K. Fredga &A. A. Sandberg (1964) Nomenclature for centromeric positions on chromosomes.Hereditas 52: 201–220.Google Scholar
  27. Lopes, H. de S. (1962). Sobre dois Calliphoridae do Chile (Diptera)Revta bras. Biol. 22: 421–426.Google Scholar
  28. Melander, Y. (1963). Chromatid tension and fragmentation during the development ofCalliphora erythrocephala Meig. (Diptera).Hereditas 49: 91–106.Google Scholar
  29. Metz, C. A. (1916). Chromosome studies on the Diptera. II. The paired association of chromosomes in the Diptera and its significance.J. exptl. Zool. 21: 213–279.Google Scholar
  30. Metz, C. A. (1922). Association of homologous chromosomes in tetraploid cells of Diptera.Biol. Bull. 43: 369–373.Google Scholar
  31. Naville, A. (1932). Les bases cytologiques de la théorie du “crossing-over”. Étude sur la spermatogénèse et l'ovogénèse des Calliphorinae.Z. Zellf. mikroskop. Anat. 16: 440–470.Google Scholar
  32. Shannon, R. C. (1926). Synopsis of the American Calliphoridae (Diptera).Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 28: 115–139.Google Scholar
  33. Stevens, N. M. (1908). A study of the germ cells of certain Diptera, with reference to the heterochromosomes and phenomena of synapsis.J. exptl. Zool. 5: 359–374.Google Scholar
  34. Strasburger, E. H. (1933). Uber den Formwechsel des Chromatins in der Eientwicklung der FliegeCalliphora erythrocephala Meigen.Z. Zellforsch. mikroskop. Anat. 17: 83–117.Google Scholar
  35. Ullerich, F.-H. (1958). Monogene Fortpflanzung bei der FliegeChrysomyia albiceps.Z. Naturforsch. 13b: 473–474.Google Scholar
  36. Ullerich, F.-H. (1961). Geschlechtsbestimmung bei der FliegePhormia regina.Naturwissenschaften 48: 559–560.Google Scholar
  37. Ullerich, F.-H. (1963). Geschlechtschromosomen und Geschlechtsbestimmung bei einigen Calliphorinen (Calliphoridae, Diptera).Chromosoma (Berl.) 14: 45–110.Google Scholar
  38. Ullerich, F.-H. (1971). Sex-linkage and sex determination in a monogenic blowfly.Naturwissenschaften 58: 626.Google Scholar
  39. Ullerich, F.-H. (1973). Die genetische Grundlage der Monogenie bei der SchmeissfliegeChrysomya rufifacies (Calliphoridae, Diptera).Molec. gen. Genet. 125: 157–172.Google Scholar
  40. Zumpt, F. (1958). Exploration du Parc National Albert. Fasc. 92. Calliphoridae (Diptera Cyclorrhapha) Pt. II: Rhiniini. Inst. Parcs Nat. Congo Belge. 207 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. W. Boyes
    • 1
  • G. E. Shewell
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Botswana, Lesotho and SwazilandLesothoAfrica
  2. 2.Biosystematics Research InstituteCanada Department of AgricultureOttawa

Personalised recommendations