Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll

Abstract

One hundred and fifteen species of fishes (14 oceanic, plus 101 shore and nearshore species) are known from Clipperton Island, a small, remote coral atoll in the tropical eastern Pacific (TEP). This fish fauna includes only ∼ 14% of the region's shallow-water species, and also is depauperate relative to the fish faunas of other isolated tropical islands. The island's isolation, small size, reduced habitat diversity, and oceanic environment contribute to this paucity of species.

Fifty-two species at Clipperton can be identified as TEP; these include 37 widespread species, six species shared only with the Revillagigedo Islands [the nearest (950 km) offshore shoals], and eight endemic to Clipperton. Endemics species apparently have a mix of west and east Pacific origins. Sixty-three species are transpacific; they include three new records (of Naso surgeonfishes) that maybe vagrants recruited > 4,000 km from Oceania.

Clipperton is situated at the juncture between the TEP and Oceania. Its fish fauna contains about equal numbers of TEP and transpacific species. This faunal structure reflects the relative influence of surface currents from Oceania and the TEP. Although most of Clipperton's transpacific shorefishes are widespread in eastern Oceania, the Clipperton fauna has specific affinities to the fauna of the Line Islands, which are located within the main eastbound current from Oceania. Clipperton may therefore be a major stepping stone for dispersal between Oceania and the remainder of the TEP. About 50% of the non-oceanic, tropical transpacific fishes occur there, and at least 75 % of those species apparently have resident populations at the island.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Allen GR, Robertson DR (1994) Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. U Hawaii Press, Honolulu

  2. Allen GR, Smith-Vaniz WF (1994) Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Res Bull 412:1–21

  3. Briggs JC (1961) The Eastern Pacific Barrier and the distribution of marine shore fishes. Evolution 15:545–554

  4. Brogan MW (1994) Distribution and retention of larval fishes near reefs in the Gulf of California. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 115:1–13

  5. Brothers EB, Thresher RE (1985) Pelagic duration, dispersal, and the distribution of Indo-Pacific coral-reef fishes. In:Reaka ML (ed) The Ecology of Coral Reefs. NOAA Symp Ser Undersea Res 3:53-68. NOAA Undersea Research Program, Maryland

  6. Clark TA (1995) Larvae of nearshore fishes in oceanic waters of the central equatorial Pacific. Pacif Sci 49:134–142

  7. Chave EH, Eckert DB (1974) Ecological aspects of the distributions of fishes at Fanning Island. Pacif Sci 28:297–317

  8. Ekman S (1953) Zoogeography of the Sea. Sidgwick and Jackson, London

  9. Emerson WK (1994) A zoogeographic summary of the marine molluscs of Clipperton Island (tropical eastern Pacific). Festivus 26:62–71

  10. Fischer W, Krupp F, Schneider W, Sommer C, Carpenter KE, Niem VH (1995) Guia FAO para la identification de especies para los fines de la pesta. Pacifico centro-oriental. Vols II-III, FAO, Rome

  11. Galzin R, Planes S, Dufour V, Salvat B (1994) Variation in diversity of coral reef fish between French Polynesian atolls. Coral Reefs 13:175–180

  12. Glynn PWG, Veron JEN, Wellington GM (1996) Clipperton Atoll (Eastern Pacific): oceanographic setting, geomorphology, reefbuilding coral communities and zoogeographic relationships. Coral Reefs 15:71–99

  13. Grigg RW, Hey R (1992) Paleoceanography of the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean. Science 255:172–178

  14. Grove JS (1984) The influence of the 1982-1983 El Nino on the ichthyofauna on the Galapagos Archipelago. Trop Ocean-Atmos Newsl Nov 1984:18–19

  15. Grovs JS (1989) El Nifio 1982-1983 and new records of Indo-west Pacific fishes at the Galapagos. Ann Rept West Malacol Soc 21:5

  16. Guzman HM, Robertson DR (1989) Population and feeding responses of the corallivorous pufferfishArothron meleagris to coral mortality in the eastern Pacific. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 55:121–131

  17. Herre AW (1940) Distribution of fish in the tropical Pacific. Proc 6th Pacif Sci Congr Oceanogr Mar Biol:587–592

  18. Hourigan TF, Reese ES (1987) Mid-ocean isolation and the evolution of Hawaiian reef fishes. Trends Ecol Evol 2:187–191

  19. Hubbs CL, Rosenblatt RH (1961) Effects of the equatorial currents of the Pacific on the distribution of fishes and other marine animals. 10th Pacif Sci Congr Abs:340–341

  20. Jokiel PL (1990) Long-distance dispersal by rafting: re-emergence of an old hypothesis. Endeavour 14:66–73

  21. Koblentz-Misbke OJ, Volkovinsky VV, Kabanova JG (1970) Plankton primary production of the World Ocean. In: Scientific Exploration of the South Pacific. Wooster WS (ed), Nat Acad Sci, Washington DC

  22. Kosaki RK, Pyle RL, Randall JE, Irons DK (1991) New records of fishes from Johnston Atoll, with notes on biogeography. Pacif Sci 45:186–203

  23. Leis JM (1983) Coral reef fish larvae (Labridae) in the East Pacific Barrier. Copeia 1983:826–828

  24. Leis JM (1984) Larval fish dispersal and the East Pacific Barrier. Oceanogr Trop 19:181–192

  25. Leis JM (1986) Ecological requirements of Indo-Pacific larval fishes: a neglected zoogeographic factor. Proc 2nd Int Conf Indo-Pacif Fish 759–766

  26. Leis JM (1991) The pelagic stage of reef fishes: the larval biology of coral reef fishes. In: Sale PF (ed) The Ecology of Coral Reef Fishes. Academic Press, New York, pp 183–230.

  27. Leis JM (1993) Larval fish assemblages near Indo-Pacific coral reefs. Bull Mar Sci 53:362–392

  28. Leis JM, Rennis DS (1983) The larvae of Indo-Pacific coral reef fishes. U Hawaii Press, Honolulu

  29. Leis JM, Trinski T (1989) The larvae of Indo-Pacific shorefishes. U Hawaii Press, Honolulu

  30. Lessios HAL, Kessing BD, Wellington GM, Graybeal A (1996) Indo-Pacific echinoids in the tropical eastern Pacific. Coral Reefs 15:133–142

  31. MacArthur RH (1972) Geographical Ecology. Harper and Row, New York

  32. MacArthur RH, Wilson EO (1967) The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton

  33. Mayr E (1954) Geographic speciation in tropical echinoids. Evolution 8:1–18

  34. Myers RF (1991) Micronesian reef fishes. Coral Graphics, Guam

  35. Randall JE (1956) A revision of the surgeonfish genusAcanthurus. Pacif Sci 10:159–235

  36. Randall JE (1961) A record of the kyphosid fishSectator ocyurus (= azureus) from the Society Islands. Copeia 1961:357–358

  37. Randall JE (1985a) Guide to Hawaiian Reef Fishes. Treasures of Nature, Kaneohe

  38. Randall JE (1985b) Fishes. Proc 5th Int Coral Reef Congr 1:462–481

  39. Randall JE (1992) Endemism of fishes in Oceania. UNEP Regional Seas Repts Studs 147:55–67

  40. Randall JE, Earle JL, Pyle RL, Parrish JD, Hayes T (1993) Annotated checklist of the fishes of Midway atoll, northwestern Hawaiian islands. Pacif Sci 47:356–400

  41. Randall JE, Lobel PS, Chave EH (1985) Annotated checklist of fishes of Johnston Island. Pacif Sci 39:24–80

  42. Randall JE, Gueze P (1981) The holocentrid fishes of the genusMyripristis of the Red Sea, with clarification of themurdjan andhexagonus complexes. Nat Hist Mus LA County Contrib Sci 334:1–16

  43. Randall JE, Randall HA (1978) Annotated checklist of the fishes of Enewetak Atoll, and other Marshall Islands. In: Devany DM, Reese ES, Burch BL, Helfrich P (eds) The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll. Vol 11 Biogeography and Systematics, Dept Energy, Off Sci Tech Inf, Washington, pp 289–324

  44. Richmond RH (1990) The effects of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on the dispersal of corals and other marine organisms. In: Glynn PW (ed) Global Ecological Consequences of the 1982-83 El Nifio-Southern Oscillation. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 153–190

  45. Rosenblatt RH (1967) The zoogeographic relationships of the marine shore fishes of tropical America. Stud trop Oceanogr 5:579–592

  46. Rosenblatt RH, McCosker JE, Rubinoff I (1972) Indo-West Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama. Contrib Sci Nat Hist Mus LA County 234:1–18

  47. Rosenblatt RH, Waples RS (1986) A genetic comparison of allopatric populations of shore fish species from the eastern and central Pacific Ocean: dispersal or vicariance? Copeia 1986:275–284

  48. Rubio EA, Suarez A, Estupian F, Henao W, Vargas B (1992) Los recursos ictiologicos de la Isla Malpelo (Colombia). I. Una revision de su conocimiento y nuevos reportes para la ictiofauna de la Isla. VIII Seminario nacional de las ciencias y las tecnologias del mar y congreso Centroamericano y del Caribe en ciencias del Mar. Mem Tomo 11:642–658

  49. Springer VG (1958) Systematics and zoogeography of the clinid fishes of the subtribe Labrisomini Hubbs. Pub Inst Mar Sci U Texas 5:417–492

  50. Starnes WC (1988) Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull Mar Sci 43:117–203

  51. Tinker SW (1982) Fishes of Hawaii. Hawaiian Service, Honolulu

  52. Victor BC (1987) Growth, dispersal, and identification of planktonic labrid and pomacentrid reef-fish larvae in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Mar Biol 95:145–152

  53. Wyrtki K (1965) Surface currents of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. Bull IATTC 9:271–304

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Robertson, D.R., Allen, G.R. Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll. Coral Reefs 15, 121–131 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01771902

Download citation

Keywords

  • Atoll
  • Habitat Diversity
  • Step Stone
  • Fish Fauna
  • Widespread Species