Tolerance of developing salmonid eggs and fry to nitrate exposure

  • John W. Kincheloe
  • Gary A. Wedemeyer
  • David L. Koch


Nitrate Waste Water Water Management Water Pollution 
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  1. Environmental Protection Agency: Methods for acute toxicity tests with fish, macroinvertebrates, and amphibians. Ecological Res. Series, EPA-66013-75-009. National Environmental Research Center, U.S. Environ. Protec. Agency, Corvallis, Oregon (1975).Google Scholar
  2. Environmental Protection Agency: Quality criteria for water. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Wash. D.C., 256 pp (1976).Google Scholar
  3. KOCH, D.L., E.L. LIDER, and J.J. COOPER: The effect of ammonia, nitrite and nitrate on egg incubation, hatching success, and fry and fingerling survival of Lahontan cutthroat trout (Salmo clarki henshawi). Bioresources Center Report No. 50006, Desert Research Institute, University of Nevada System (1978).Google Scholar
  4. WESTIN, D.T.: Nitrate and nitrite toxicity to salmonid fishes. Prog. Fish-Cult. 36, 86 (1974).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • John W. Kincheloe
    • 1
  • Gary A. Wedemeyer
    • 2
  • David L. Koch
    • 3
  1. 1.U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Ecological Services727 N.E.Portland
  2. 2.U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceNational Fisheries Research CenterSeattle
  3. 3.Bioresources Center, Desert Research InstituteUniversity of Nevada SystemReno

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