This article explores the theory that shame is an evolutionary neurobiological adaptation for self-development, and for social and transcendent relational development, and is so described in the Scriptural second creation narrative. The author suggests that shame is foundationally transformed in the passion narrative. Pastoral utility of this thesis in the direction of theSpiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola is suggested.
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Kramer-Rolls, D. The transformation of neurobiological shame and application to the IgnatianSpiritual Exercises . Pastoral Psychol 42, 415–425 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01757443
- Cross Cultural Psychology
- Relational Development
- Passion Narrative
- Pastoral Utility