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Journal of Muscle Research & Cell Motility

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 251–258 | Cite as

Width and lattice spacing in radially compressed frog skinned muscle fibres at various pH values, magnesium ion concentrations and ionic strengths

  • Yoshiki Umazume
  • Sho Onodera
  • Hideo Higuchi
Papers

Summary

The width (D) and the 1,0 lattice spacing (d1,0) at various ionic compositions of mechanically skinned single fibres (from semitendinosus muscle ofRana catesbeiana) were measured at various concentrations of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP K-30,M n =40000) from 0 to 6% at 20° C. In a standard relaxing solution (4mm MgATP2−, 1mm Mg2+, 4mm EGTA, ionic strength 150mm and pH 7),d1,0 decreased exponentially as the PVP concentration increased:d1,0), was 41.3 ± 0.4 (mean ±s.d.) nm at 0% PVP and 32.9 ± 0.4 nm at 6% PVP.D was proportional tod1,0 except at very low PVP Concentrations, I.e. at 1% PVP,D decreased by 7%, whereasd1,0 decreased by only 3%. At 0% PVP,D andd1,0 decreased when either pH or ionic strength (Γ/2) was lowered. At 6% PVP,D andd1,0 decreased with lowered pH or increased [Mg2+], but was independent of Γ/2. The radial stiffness, or degree of resistance to the changes ofD agaïnst the compressing force, increased considerably atd1,0 < 35nm in a standard relaxing solution, but not at pH 5.5 or 30mm [Mg2+]. These effects of pH, [Mg2+] and Γ/2 onD ord1,0 and on the radial stiffness can be explained by the modification of the properties of the elastic element and the hinge between subfragment-1 and -2 and/or the hinge between subfragment-2 and light meromyosin.

Keywords

Magnesium Ionic Strength EGTA Lattice Spacing Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshiki Umazume
    • 1
  • Sho Onodera
    • 1
  • Hideo Higuchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyThe Jikei University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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