Takayasu arteritis in Korea: Clinical and angiographic features
Clinical and angiographic features of Takayasu arteritis were investigated in 129 Korean patients. This disease affects females more frequently than males, in a ratio of 6.6 to 1. Of the total number of patients, 51 were in the third decade, 27 in the fourth decade, and 23 in the second decade. Common clinical symptoms were headache (60%), exertional dyspnea (42%), dizziness (36%), and malaise or weakness (34%). Takayasu arteritis affected the abdominal aorta (46%) and descending thoracic aorta (37%) more frequently than the ascending aorta (1%) and aortic arch (2%) According to Ueno's classification based on aortographic findings, the 129 patients were divided into type I (37), type II (25), and type III (67). Among the 48 patients who had coronary angiography, 11 (23%) showed coronary arterial involvement. Because the clinical features are determined by the extent and severity of the specific artery involved in the occlusive phase of the disease, total aortography including coronary angiography is very important in the initial evaluation of Takayasu arteritis.
Key wordsTakayasu arteritis Aortography Coronary angiography
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