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Potentiation of the efficacy of murine L1210 leukemia vaccine by a novel immunostimulator 7-thia-8-oxoguanosine: Increased survival after immunization with vaccine plus 7-thia-8-oxoguanosine

Summary

We have investigated the ability of a novel immunopotentiator, 7-thia-8-oxoguanosine (7T8OG) to increase the efficacy of a weakly immunogenic murine L1210 leukemia vaccine. The vaccine was prepared by irradiating L1210 leukemia cells in a cesium source with a total of 6000-R dose. DBA/2 mice were treated with 150 mg/kg 7T8OG and/or with vaccine consisting of 107 irradiated cells. In combination therapy, mice first received the vaccine and then were injected with 75 mg/kg 7T8OG 2 h and 4 h after vaccination. One week after the last treatment all mice were inoculated with 104 live leukemia cells intraperitoneally. Control, untreated mice (n = 66) injected with 104 live leukemia cells had a mean survival time ± standard error of 10.5±0.2 days. Treating mice (n = 66) with one, two or three doses of 7T8OG administered i.p. 1 week apart did not increase survival (mean survival time = 10.7 days). Mice immunized with one, two or three doses of vaccine had 14.5±1.1, 45.4±6.2 and 68.3±10.6 days mean survival, respectively. 7T8OG-stimulated vaccination increased the survival dramatically. The best survival was noted when the mice were treated with 2× (vaccine + 7T8OG). Immunization of mice (n = 30) with this treatment regimen increased the mean survival to 156±10.0 days. Over 90% of mice that were treated this way had a cumulative survival time greater than 160 days. In contrast, only 12% of the mice immunized twice with the leukemia vaccine alone survived over 160 days. These results suggest a rationale for the use of this immuno-potentiator with various vaccines for a more effective immunization.

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Correspondence to Brahma S. Sharma.

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Sharma, B.S., Balazs, L., Jin, A. et al. Potentiation of the efficacy of murine L1210 leukemia vaccine by a novel immunostimulator 7-thia-8-oxoguanosine: Increased survival after immunization with vaccine plus 7-thia-8-oxoguanosine. Cancer Immunol Immunother 33, 109–114 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01742538

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Key words

  • Vaccine
  • Immunostimulator
  • L1210 leukemia