Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 179–183 | Cite as

Amino acids in a carbonaceous chondrite from Antarctica

  • R. K. Kotra
  • Akira Shimoyama
  • Cyril Ponnamperuma
  • P. E. Hare


A carbonaceous chondrite from the Antarctic, referred to as the Allan Hills meteorite 77306, appears to be free from terrestrial organic contamination. The presence of both protein and non-protein amino acids and an equal abundance of D- and L-enantiomers of amino acids, is testimony to the extraterrestrial nature of these compounds.

Key words

Carbonaceous chondrites Allan Hills meteorite Antartic meteorites Amino acids D, L-enantiomers 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anders, E., Hayatsu, R. and Studier, M.H., (1973). Science182, 781–790Google Scholar
  2. Biemann, K., Oro, J., Toulmin, P., Orgel, L.E., Nier, A.O., Anderson, D.M., Simonds, P.G., Flory, D., Diaz, A.V., Rushneck, D.R. and Biller, J.A., (1976). Science194, 72–76Google Scholar
  3. Buhl, P.H., (1975). Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of MarylandGoogle Scholar
  4. Cassidy, W.A., Olsen, E., and Yanai, K., (1977). Science198, 727–731Google Scholar
  5. Cronin, J.R. and Moore, C.B., (1971). Science172, 1327–29Google Scholar
  6. Gehrke, C.W., Zumwalt, R.W., Kuo, K., Ponnamperuma, C. and Shimoyama, A., (1975). Origins of Life6, 540–550Google Scholar
  7. Gibson, E.K., Bogard, D.D., Annexstad, J., (Feb./1979). Programme and Abstracts of the Fourth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites, p.3 National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  8. Hare, P.E., (1977). In: Methods in Enzymology, 47, Enzyme Structure, Part E, C.H.W. Hirs and S.N. Timasheff, eds. pp. 3–18, New York: AcademicGoogle Scholar
  9. Kvenvolden, K., Lawless, J., Pering, K., Peterson, E., Flores, J., Ponnamperuma, C., Kaplan, I.R. and Moore, C., (1970). Nature228, 923–6Google Scholar
  10. Kvenvolden, K.A., Lawless, J.G., and Ponnamperuma, C., (1971). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.68, 486–90Google Scholar
  11. Lawless, J.G., Kvenvolden, K.A., Peterson, E., Ponnamperuma, C., and Moore, C., (1971). Science173, 626–7Google Scholar
  12. Lawless, J.G., Kvenvolden, K.A., Peterson, E., Ponnamperuma, C. and Jarosewich, E., (1972). Nature236, 66–7Google Scholar
  13. Miller, S.L. and Orgel, L.E., (1974). The Origins of Life on the Earth p. 229, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-HallGoogle Scholar
  14. Oró, J., Gibert, J., Lichtenstein, H., Wikstrom, S. and Flory, D.A., (1971). Nature230, 105–6Google Scholar
  15. Oró, J., Nakaparksin, S., Lichtenstein, H. and Gil-Av, E., (1971). Nature230, 107–108Google Scholar
  16. Ponnamperuma, C., (1972). The Origins of Life, p. 215 London: Thames and HudsonGoogle Scholar
  17. Ponnamperuma, C., (1978). In: Origin of Life, H. Noda, ed. pp. 67–82. Tokyo, Japan: Center for Academic Publ.Google Scholar
  18. Yanai, K., (1978). Mem. Natl. Inst. Polar Res. Spe. Issue8, 1–37Google Scholar
  19. Yoshida, M., Ando, H., Omoto, K., Naruse, R. and Ageta, Y., (1971). Antarct. Rec.39, 62–65Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Kotra
    • 1
  • Akira Shimoyama
    • 1
  • Cyril Ponnamperuma
    • 1
  • P. E. Hare
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Chemical Evolution, Department of ChemistryUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Carnegie Institution of Washington Geophysical LaboratoryWashington, D.C.USA

Personalised recommendations