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HTLV-III antibodies in hemodialysis patients — A consequence of blood transfusions?

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Summary

An investigation for HTLV-III antibodies in chronic hemodialysis patients revealed in four out of 276 patients a positive result using the ELISA and western blot techniques. All HTLV-III positive patients had received blood transfusions. As it has been shown that a needle stick could transmit the HTLV-III, it is suggested that hemodialysis patients who have received frequent blood transfusions should be screened.

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Abbreviations

AIDS:

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

ELISA:

enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

HbSAg:

hepatitis surface antigen

HD:

hemodialysis

HTLV-III:

human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III

References

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Schaefer, K., Asmus, G., Hüfler, M. et al. HTLV-III antibodies in hemodialysis patients — A consequence of blood transfusions?. Klin Wochenschr 64, 621–622 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01735265

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Key words

  • Hemodialysis
  • HTLV-III
  • AIDS