, Volume 6, Issue 3–4, pp 381–418 | Cite as

On the social change of hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus) in their natural condition

  • Yukimaru Sugiyama


Natural Condition Social Change Animal Ecology Hanuman Langur 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Carpenter, C.R., 1940. A field study in Siam of the behavior and social relations of the gibbon (Hylobates lar).Comp. Psychol. Monogr. 16(5): 1–212.Google Scholar
  2. Hill, W.C.O., 1936–7.Ceylon J. Sci., (20): 369–389. (cited from; Asdell, S.A., 1946,Patterns of mammalian reproduction. Cornell Univ. Pr., N.Y.)Google Scholar
  3. Imanishi, K. 1961. The origin of human family—a primatological approach—.Jap. J. Ethnol. 25 (3): 119–138.Google Scholar
  4. Itani, J. 1954.Takasaki-yama no Saru (Japanese Monkeys in Takasakiyama). In:Imanishi, K. (ed.)Nihon Dobutsuki 2. Kobunsha, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  5. ——, 1963. The social construction of natural troop of Japanese monkeys in Takasakiyama.Primates, 4 (3): 1–42.Google Scholar
  6. Jay, P.C., 1962. Aspects of maternal behavior among langurs.Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 102 (2): 468–476.Google Scholar
  7. ——, 1963a. The Indian langur monkey (Presbytis entellus). In:Southwick, C.H. (ed);Primate Social Behavior, 114–123. Van Nostrand, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  8. ——, 1963b. Mother-infant relations in free-ranging langurs. In:Rheingold, H.L. (ed.)Maternal Behavior in Mammals, 282–304. John Wiley, N.Y.Google Scholar
  9. Kawai, M., 1964.Nihonzaru no Seitai (Ecology of Japanese monkeys). Kawade-shobo, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  10. —— 1959. An ecological study on the wild mountain Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei)—report of the JMC 2nd gorilla expedition 1959.Primates, 2(1): 1–42.Google Scholar
  11. Kawamura, S. 1957.Narakoen no Shika (Japanese deer of Nara park). In: Imanishi, K. (ed.);Nihon Dobutsuki 4, 7–165. Kobunsha, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  12. Koford, C.B., 1957. The vicugna and the puna.Ecol. Monogr. 27; 153–219.Google Scholar
  13. Prakash, I., 1962. Group organization, sexual behavior and breeding season of certain Indian monkeys.Jap. J. Ecol., 12 (3); 83–86.Google Scholar
  14. Mizuhara, H., 1957.Nihonzaru (Japanese monkeys). Sanichi-shobo, Kyoto.Google Scholar
  15. Ripley, S., in press. Intergroup encounters among Ceylon gray langurs. In:Altmann, S.A. (ed.)Social Interactions Among Primates, Chicago Univ. Pr., Chicago.Google Scholar
  16. Shaller, G.B., 1963. The mountain gorilla—ecology and behavior. Chicago Univ. Pr., Chicago.Google Scholar
  17. Sugiyama, Y., 1960. On the division of a natural troop of Japanese monkeys at Takasakiyama.Primates, 2(2): 109–148.Google Scholar
  18. ——, 1964. Group composition, population density and some sociological observations of hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus).Primates, 5 (3–4): 7–37.Google Scholar
  19. ——, 1965. Home range, mating season, male group and intertroop relations of hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus).Primates, 6(1): 73–106Google Scholar
  20. ——, 1965. Behavioral development and social structure in two troops of hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus).Primates, 6(2): 214–247Google Scholar
  21. --, 1966. Artificial social change of a hanuman langur troop (Presbytis entellus).Primates, 7 (1): (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yukimaru Sugiyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations