Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Evaluation of a mobile unit for indirect calorimetry during spontaneous ventilation

  • 34 Accesses

  • 2 Citations


The Mijnhardt Oxycon-4 (OX-4), designed for measurements of gas exchange during exercise using a mouth-piece, was adapted for use in recumbant patients by the introduction of a transparent canopy and a suction device. This system was evaluated in laboratory models and in patients.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Quebbeman EJ, Ausman RK, Schneider TC: A re-evaluation of energy expenditure during parenteral nutrition. Ann Surg 195: 282–286, 1982.

  2. 2.

    Quebbeman EJ, Ausman RK: Estimating energy requirements in patients receiving parenteral nutrition. Arch Surg 177: 1281–1284, 1982.

  3. 3.

    Feurer ID, Crosby LO, Mullen JL: Measured and predicted resting energy expenditure in clinically stable patients. Clin Nutr 1: 27–34, 1984.

  4. 4.

    Carlsson M, Nordenström J, Hedenstierna G: Clinical implications of continuous measurement of energy expenditure in mechanically ventilated patients. Clin Nutr 3: 103–110, 1984.

  5. 5.

    Askanazi J, Nordenström J, Rosenbaum SH, Elwyn DH, Hyman AI, Carpentier YA, Kinney JM: Nutrition for the patient with respiratory failure: glucose versus fat. Anaesthesiology 54: 373–377, 1981.

  6. 6.

    Sheldon GF, Petersen SR, Sanders R: Hepatic dysfunction during hyperalimentation. Arch. Surg 113: 504–508, 1978.

  7. 7.

    Weissmann C, Askanazi J, Milic-Emili J, Kinney JM: Effect of respiratory apparatus on respiration. J Appl Physiol 57: 475–480, 1984.

  8. 8.

    Spencer JL, Zikria BA, Kinney JM, Broell JR, Michailoff TM, Lee AB: A system for continuous measurement of gas exchange and respiratory functions. J Appl Physiol 33: 523–528, 1972.

  9. 9.

    Bennett CA, Franklin NL: Statistical analysis in chemistry and the chemical industry. Third printing. J. Wiley, p 368–379, 1954.

  10. 10.

    Arthurson G: Continuous oxygen uptake determination. Act Anaesth Scand Suppl 70: 137–143, 1978.

  11. 11.

    Stoker JB, Kappagoda CT, Thenabadu PN, Linden RJ: A simple method for measurement of oxygen consumption. J Appl Physiol 5: 748–750, 1973.

  12. 12.

    Gump FE, Martin P: Oxygen consumption and caloric expenditure in surgical patients. J Surg Gynecol Obstetr 137: 499–513, 1973.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Forsberg, E., Carlsson, M., Thörne, A. et al. Evaluation of a mobile unit for indirect calorimetry during spontaneous ventilation. J Clin Monit Comput 3, 251–257 (1986).

Download citation


  • Oxygen uptake
  • oxygen consumption
  • energy expenditure
  • indirect calorimetry
  • ventilated hood system
  • canopy system
  • patients
  • evaluation