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The origin of the membrane convolute in degranulating platelets

A comparative study of normal and “gray” platelets

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Summary

Thrombin-stimulated normal platelets contain a membrane system of dilated channels with openings to the exterior. Whether these membranes originate from the surface connected system (SCS), the α-granules or internalized portions of the plasmalemma has not yet been defined. The present study traces in series of ultrathin sections the rearrangement of these membranes during shape change, degranulation and internalization of surface membranes in washed normal and “gray” platelets upon the stimulation with thrombin (1 IU/ml). Cationized ferritin (CF) was used as a surface marker in order to recognize internalized portions of the plasmalemma. Within the first seconds after stimulation, both normal and gray platelets changed their shape by extrusion of the SCS membranes. Simultaneously they started to internalize surface membrane and formed surface membrane invaginations closely attached to the outer rim of the cytoskeletal sphere which developed during the internal contraction. CF was internalized in these invaginations. CF was not observed within the system of dilated channels of stimulated platelets, however. Thrombin-stimulated gray platelets showed a markedly reduced number of dilated channels or none at all. This observation may be due to the fact “gray” platelets are deficient in α-granules. It is concluded that the dilated system of membranes in degranulated normal platelets originates from membranes of the α-granules which have performed compound exocytosis.

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Correspondence to E. Morgenstern.

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Morgenstern, E., Patscheke, H. & Mathieu, G. The origin of the membrane convolute in degranulating platelets. Blut 60, 15–22 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01720197

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Key words

  • Blood platelets
  • Exocytosis
  • Gray platelet syndrome
  • Membrane internalization
  • Thrombin stimulation