European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 399–403

Malaria epidemiological trends in Italy

  • G. Sabatinelli
  • G. Majori
  • F. D'Ancona
  • R. Romi
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01719663

Cite this article as:
Sabatinelli, G., Majori, G., D'Ancona, F. et al. Eur J Epidemiol (1994) 10: 399. doi:10.1007/BF01719663

Abstract

Based on the official reports received from local health laboratories, an epidemiological analysis of malaria cases reported in Italy from 1989 to 1992 is presented. A total of 1,941 cases were reported, 1,287 among Italians and 654 among foreigners. The incidence of cases was on average 500 per year with a maximum in 1990. A slight, but constant decrease of incidence of malaria cases was recorded in this period among Italian citizens (−21.5%), while the incidence among foreigners increased (+80%).Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 74.2% of total infections, followed byP. vivax (19%). The highest number of cases was imported from Africa (86.5%), followed by Asia, South America, and Oceania. 11 cases were contracted in Europe (transfusion, airport and cryptic malaria). 26 people died from malaria during the four years, with a fatality rate of 2.3% among Italians. Other epidemiological features concerning incidence in the different categories of travellers, countries of infection, clinical and therapeutic aspects of cases, are also discussed.

Key words

Epidemiology Italy Malaria 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Sabatinelli
    • 1
  • G. Majori
    • 1
  • F. D'Ancona
    • 1
  • R. Romi
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto Superiore di Sanità Laboratorio di ParassitologiaRomaItaly

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