Archives of Virology

, Volume 141, Issue 9, pp 1613–1622

Prevalence of hepatitis C virus and distribution of its genotypes in Northern Eurasia

  • D. K. Lovo
  • E. I. Samokhvalov
  • F. Tsuda
  • N. A. Selivanov
  • H. Okamoto
  • V. M. Stakhanova
  • I. V. Stakhgildyan
  • N. V. Doroshenko
  • T. L. Yashina
  • S. N. Kuzin
  • I. A. Suetina
  • P. G. Deryabin
  • L. A. Ruzaeva
  • V. N. Bezgodov
  • L. A. Firsova
  • S. N. Sorinson
  • S. Mishiro
Original Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF01718286

Cite this article as:
Lovo, D.K., Samokhvalov, E.I., Tsuda, F. et al. Archives of Virology (1996) 141: 1613. doi:10.1007/BF01718286

Summary

We tested hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody in 4 216 sera collected from healthy people living in European part of Russia (including Northern, North-Western, Central, Central-Blacksoil, Volga-Vyatka, Volga, and North-Caucasian regions), non-European part of Russia (the Urals, East-Siberia, and the Far-East regions) and Mongolia. Prevalence of HCV antibody varied significantly by regions, ranging from 0.7% in Central region of European part of Russia to 10.7% in Mongolia. Genotyping of HCV (into 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, and 3a) was performed on 469 sera from blood donors and patients (in Russia, Moldova, Turkmenistan, and Mongolia) who were positive for both HCV antibody and RNA. Genotype 1b was the most dominant genotype irrespective of regions (68.9%), with the highest rate in Moldova (96%). HCV unclassificable into genotypes 1a-to-3a was found in 28 (6.0%) samples: particularly 4 of 10 samples from Lipetzk were untypable. Overall, HCV genotypes in European part of Russia were more similar to those in European countries, while those in Eastern part of Russia more similar to China or Japan. Genotype distribution was not associated with the clinical expression of HCV disease: acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. K. Lovo
    • 1
  • E. I. Samokhvalov
    • 1
  • F. Tsuda
    • 2
  • N. A. Selivanov
    • 1
  • H. Okamoto
    • 3
  • V. M. Stakhanova
    • 1
  • I. V. Stakhgildyan
    • 1
  • N. V. Doroshenko
    • 1
  • T. L. Yashina
    • 1
  • S. N. Kuzin
    • 1
  • I. A. Suetina
    • 1
  • P. G. Deryabin
    • 1
  • L. A. Ruzaeva
    • 4
  • V. N. Bezgodov
    • 5
  • L. A. Firsova
    • 6
  • S. N. Sorinson
    • 7
  • S. Mishiro
    • 2
  1. 1.Ivanovsky Institute of VirologyRussian Academy of Medical SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Toshiba General HospitalTokyo
  3. 3.Jichi Medical SchoolTochigiJapan
  4. 4.Perm Center of Epidemiological-Sanitarian InspectionPerm
  5. 5.Krasnoyarsk Regional Center of AIDS ProphylaxisKrasnoyarsk
  6. 6.Lipetsk Center of AIDS ProphylaxisLipetsk
  7. 7.Nizhnij Novgorod Medical AcademyNizhnij NovgorodRussia

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