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European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 69–73 | Cite as

Prevalence of genital chlamydia and mycoplasma infection in couples attending a male infertility clinic

  • Zmira Samra
  • Yigal Soffer
  • Mordechai Pansky
Article

Abstract

To investigate the prevalence of genital mycoplasma (Ureaplasma urealyticum andMycoplasma hominis) andChlamydia trachomatis infections in infertile and fertile couples, 135 infertile couples from a male infertility clinic and 88 fertile couples from a prenatal care clinic were randomly screened. Semen, urethral and cervical smears were cultured for genital mycoplasma and chlamydia. Antichlamydia IgA, IgG and IgM antibodies were tested in blood and semen. Although the overall prevalence ofUreaplasma urealyticum was higher than that ofMycoplasma hominis, the prevalence ofMycoplasma hominis was significantly higher in the infertile men and women. The prevalence ofChlamydia trachomatis, positive culture was higher in infertile couples, but this difference was not significant. The prevalence of serum-specific IgG was significantly higher in infertile than in fertile women (11.9 vs 3.4%,p<0.05). Specific semen IgA was significantly higher in infertile than in fertile men (8.9 vs 1.1%,p<0.015). A low rate of concordance between partners was found inMycoplasma andChlamydia culture, and in the same patient between seminal IgA and urethral culture. In conclusion it is necessary to check both culture and serology findings in both partners.

Key words

Chlamydia Mycoplasma Ureaplasma 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zmira Samra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yigal Soffer
    • 3
  • Mordechai Pansky
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyChlamydia and Mycoplasma National Center, Beilinson Medical CenterPetach Tikva
  2. 2.Sackler Faculty of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel Aviv
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Male Infertility ClinicAssaf Harofe Medical CenterZrifinIsrael

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