Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 8, pp 818–828 | Cite as

Continuous intra-arterial blood gas monitoring

  • B. Venkatesh
  • S. -P. Hendry
Review Article



To review the technology, clinical trials and current status of continuous blood gas monitoring in intensive care


The review describes the history, technology, various clinical trials on continuous blood gas monitoring and discusses the various factors which might affect their performance characteristics and outlines their potential role in intensive care and during anaesthesia.


Over the past 10 years a number of continuous intra-arterial blood gas monitoring systems have been developed. The performance characteristics of these systems are comparable. Their levels of accuracy as measured in bench tonometry are not consistently achieved in clinical trials. The potential usefulness of these monitors in various clinical situations has been described in case studies. Controlled studies demonstrating an improvement in outcome with the use of these monitors have not been published.

Key words

Blood gases Electrodes Optodes Monitoring Bias Precision Blood flow 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Venkatesh
    • 1
  • S. -P. Hendry
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnaesthesiologyRoyal Brisbane HospitalBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Biomedical SensorsHigh WycombeUK

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