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Heavy metal distribution in sediments of Krishna River basin, India

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Abstract

Suspended and bed sediments collected from the entire region of the Krishna River and its major tributaries were analyzed for heavy metals (V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb) by the thin-film energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence technique. There is considerable variation in the concentration of elements towards downstream, which may be due to the variation in the subbasin geology and various degrees of human impact. Suspended particles are enriched in heavy metals throughout the basin relative to bed sediments. The heavy metals are enriched in coarse size fractions (10–90 µm) throughout the Krishna River except its tributary Bhima, where finer fractions (2 µm) dominate. Transition elements correlate very well with each other. There is a striking similarity between the bed sediments of Krishna River and the Indian average. When the annual heavy metal flux carried by the Krishna River was estimated, and viewed in relation to the other major riverine transport, the Krishna is seen to be a minor contributor of heavy metals to the Bay of Bengal.

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Ramesh, R., Subramanian, V. & van Grieken, R. Heavy metal distribution in sediments of Krishna River basin, India. Environ. Geol. Water Sci 15, 207–216 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01706412

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Keywords

  • Heavy Metal
  • Striking Similarity
  • Metal Distribution
  • Fluorescence Technique
  • Major Tributary