De Economist

, Volume 134, Issue 1, pp 42–60 | Cite as

Decision rules, expectations and efficiency in two foreign exchange markets

  • Ronald MacDonald
  • Robert Young


In this paper a model of the exchange rate is developed from trading rules principles. The model is empirically implemented for the German Mark-US Dollar and US Dollar-UK Pound exchange rates using monthly data, over the period June 1978 to December 1982. In terms of forecasting performance and accuracy, the simple trading model is shown to outperform the forward foreign exchange rate.


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Copyright information

© H.E. Stenfert Kroese B.V. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald MacDonald
    • 1
  • Robert Young
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political EconomyUniversity of AberdeenUK
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of NottinghamUK

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