Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

MRI correlates of disease course and activity in multiple sclerosis

  • 26 Accesses

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

We have carried out a comparative cross-sectional study of patients with relapsing and remitting MS (multiple sclerosis) (RRMS) (n=9), primary progressive MS (PPMS) (n=7), and secondary progressive MS (SPMS) (n=10) using image analysis techniques to determine the number and volume of Gd-DTPA-enhancing lesions. RRMS patients had more lesions than either PPMS or SPMS (ns), and the mean volume of the lesions (p=0.006) and the total volume of enhancing lesions (p<0.03) were significantly larger in patients with RRMS compared with PPMS. The prevalence of blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown appears to be similar in PPMS and SPMS, with the higher rate in RRMS suggesting a suppressive effect of disease duration (and/or age). Similarly, the volume of the lesion load overall was negatively correlated with disease duration (p −0.56,p<0.003). Differences between PPMS and RRMS/SPMS patients in the volume of the enhancing lesions may reflect differences in the ability of these patients to suppress the immune-mediated damage to axons which may follow episodic BBB breakdown and which is not visualized on conventional magnetic resonance imaging.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Paty DW, Li DKB, the UBC MS/MRI Study Group (1993)Neurology 43 662.

  2. 2.

    Thompson AJ, Kermode AG, Wicks D, MacManus DG, Kendall BE, Kingsley DPE, McDonald WI (1991)Ann Neurol 29 53.

  3. 3.

    Wiebe S, Lee DH, Karlik SJ, Hopkins M, Vandervoort MK, Wong CJ, Hewitt L, Rice GPA, Ebers GQ Nosewor-thy JH (1992)Ann Neurol 32 643.

  4. 4.

    Kappos L, Stadt D, Rohrbach E, Keil W (1988)Neurology 38 (Suppl 1): 255.

  5. 5.

    Thorpe JW, Kingsley DPE, Macmanus DG, McDonald WI, Miller DH (1993)Proc Annual Meeting Soc. Mag. Res. Med. 12 1454.

  6. 6.

    Kurtzke JF (1983)Neurology 33 1444.

  7. 7.

    Poser CM, Paty DW, Scheinberg L, McDonald WI, Davis FA, Ebers GC, Johnson KP, Sibley WA, Silberberg DH, Tourtellotte WW (1983)Ann. Neurol. 13 227.

  8. 8.

    Hauser SL, Dawson DM, Lehrich JR, Beale MF, Kevy SV, Propper RD, Mills RD, Weiner HL (1983)New Engl J Med 308 173.

  9. 9.

    Thompson AJ, Kermode AG, MacManus DG, Kendall BE, Kingsley DPE, Moselely IF, McDonald WI (1990)Br Med J 300 631.

  10. 10.

    Thompson AJ, Kermode AG, MacManus DG, Kingsley DPE, Kendall BE, Moseley IF, McDonald WI (1989)Lancet i 1322.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Lance D. Blumhardt.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Blumhardt, L.D., Barbosa, S., Roberts, N. et al. MRI correlates of disease course and activity in multiple sclerosis. MAGMA 2, 319–322 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01705262

Download citation

Keywords

  • multiple sclerosis
  • MRI
  • image analysis
  • lesion volume