Toxicity of nigerian crude oil and chemical dispersants toBarbus Sp. andClarias Sp.

  • Alade Akintonwa
  • Anyachukwu G. Ebere


Toxicity Waste Water Water Management Water Pollution Chemical Dispersant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Finney DJ (1952) Probit analysis Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Litchfield JT, Wilcoxon F (1949). A simplified method for evaluating dose — effect experiments. Pharm Exp Therap 96: 99–113.Google Scholar
  3. Lloyd R, Tooby TE (1979) New terminology required for short term static fish bioassays LC (l) 50. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 22: 1–3.Google Scholar
  4. Oyewo EO (1986) The acute toxicity of three oil dispersants. Environ Pollut 41: 23–31.Google Scholar
  5. Perkins EJ (1970) Some effects of detergents in the Marine environment. Chem Ind. 3: 14–22.Google Scholar
  6. Portman JE, Connor PM (1968) The toxicity of oil spill removers to some species of fish and shell fish. Mar Biol. 1: 322–9.Google Scholar
  7. Slade GJ (1982) Effect of Ixtoc 1 crude oil and Corexit 9627 dispersant on spot Leiostomus xan tharus (L.) egg mortality. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 29: 25–30Google Scholar
  8. Swedmark M, Braaton, B, Emmanuelson E (1971) Biological effects of surface active agents on Marine animals. Mar Biol 9: 183–201.Google Scholar
  9. Swisher RD, Rourke JTO, Tomlinson HD (1964) Fish bioassays of linear alkylate sulfonate (LAS) and intermediate Biodegradation products. J Am Oil Chem Soc 41: 746–752.Google Scholar
  10. Ward GS, Parish PR (1982) Manual of Methods in aquatic environmental research, Part 6, Toxicity tests. FAO Fisheries Technical paper, 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alade Akintonwa
    • 1
  • Anyachukwu G. Ebere
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicology Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology, College of MedicineUniversity of LagosLagosNigeria

Personalised recommendations