Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 21, Issue 12, pp 1051–1053

Mercury oxycyanide and mercuric cyanide poisoning: Two cases

  • M. L. Benaissa
  • P. Hantson
  • C. Bismuth
  • F. J. Baud
Brief Report

Abstract

Background

Although cyanide poisoning can be serious or fatal, it is typically described as mild when the cyanide is ingested in the form of either mercuric cyanide or mercury oxycyanide.

Methods

We studied two patients with acute cyanide poisoning following ingestion of one of these two agents in each case.

Results

Both patients demonstrated features of life-threatening cyanide poisoning, including hemodynamic instability, severe lactic acidosis, and high blood cyanide concentration. One of the patients died, while the second demonstrated signs of mercury intoxication (acute renal failure and severe gastrointestinal symptoms), in addition to cyanide intoxication.

Conclusion

Ingestion of either mercuric cyanide or mercury oxycyanide can result in life-threatening cyanide intoxication.

Key words

Cyanide Mercury Poisoning 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Benaissa
    • 1
  • P. Hantson
    • 2
  • C. Bismuth
    • 1
  • F. J. Baud
    • 1
  1. 1.Réanimation ToxicologiqueHôpital Fernand WidalParisFrance
  2. 2.Unité Soins Intensifs, Clinique Saint LucUniversité Catholique de LouvainBrusselsBelgium

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