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Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 401–408 | Cite as

Coffee and cancer: A prospective study of 43,000 Norwegian men and women

  • Inger Stensvold
  • Bjarne K. Jacobsen
Research Papers

Abstract

Relationships between coffee drinking and cancer incidence were examined in a 10-year complete follow-up of 21,735 men and 21,238 women aged 35–54 years. The study population participated in a cardiovascular screening in three counties in Norway during 1977–82. Data on coffee and smoking habits were based on information from a self-administered questionnaire. There was no association between coffee consumption and overall risk of cancer. A positive association was found between coffee drinking and risk of lung cancer, also after adjustment for age, cigarette smoking, and county of residence. Residual confounding by cigarette smoking and other lifestyle factors cannot be ruled out. A negative association was found with cancer of buccal cavity and pharynx and with malignant melanoma in women. No significant associations were found between coffee drinking and incidence of cancer of the pancreas or the bladder.

Key words

Cancer incidence coffee Norway prospective study 

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Copyright information

© Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inger Stensvold
    • 1
  • Bjarne K. Jacobsen
    • 2
  1. 1.National Health screening ServiceOsloNorway
  2. 2.Institute of Community MedicineUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway

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