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Euphytica

, Volume 84, Issue 3, pp 165–174 | Cite as

New sources of resistance of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) toStriga gesnerioides, a parasitic angiosperm

  • T. H. M. Moore
  • J. A. Lane
  • D. V. Child
  • G. M. Arnold
  • J. A. Bailey
  • G. Hoffmann
Article

Summary

Thirty-seven accessions of cowpea and yard-long bean were assessed for resistance toStriga gesnerioides. Cowpea plants were grown using anin vitro method, then inoculated with young seedlings ofS. gesnerioides produced from seed from three West African countries. Resistance was assessed by comparing the number and size ofS. gesnerioides tubercles on these accessions with those on a known susceptible cowpea, cv. Blackeye. Two cowpea landraces, APL-1 and 87-2, were completely resistant toS. gesnerioides from Burkina Faso, Mali and Cameroon and partially resistant toS. gesnerioides from Niger. Complete resistance was expressed either as a hypersensitive response of infected root tissues or as a severely retarded development of successful infections. All other accessions, including three samples of yard-long bean were susceptible toS. gesnerioides. The original 87-2 plants segregated for resistance and susceptibility. However, uniformly resistant progeny were obtained by producing seed from vegetatively propagated clones of single resistant 87-2 plants. Resistance of APL-1 and 87-2 toS. gesnerioides was confirmed in pot and field trials. Neither of these cowpeas were resistant toAlectra vogelii. Varieties APL-1 and 87-2 provide additional sources of resistance to most races ofS. gesnerioides, including a newly discovered virulent race from Benin.

Key words

Alectra vogelii cowpea propagation field trials in vitro screen resistance mechanisms Striga gesnerioides Vigna unguiculata (cowpea) 

Abbreviations

ICRISAT

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

IITA

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

SAFGRAD

Semi-Arid Food Grain Research and Development

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. H. M. Moore
    • 1
  • J. A. Lane
    • 1
  • D. V. Child
    • 1
  • G. M. Arnold
    • 1
  • J. A. Bailey
    • 1
  • G. Hoffmann
    • 2
  1. 1.IACR-Long Ashton Research Station, Department of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  2. 2.Centre de Cooperation International en Recherche Agronomie pour le Development-Départment des Cultures AnnuellesInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid TropicsBamakoMali

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