Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis syndrome in a German most likely caused by the raccoon roundworm,Baylisascaris procyonis

  • 107 Accesses

  • 49 Citations

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Carney MD, Combs JL (1991) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. Br J Ophthalmol 75:633–635

  2. 2.

    Duke-Elder S, Perkins ES (1966) Diseases of the uveal tract. In: Duke-Elder S (ed) System of ophthalmology, vol IX. Kimpton, London, pp 457–459

  3. 3.

    Fox AS, Kazacos KR, Gould NS, Heydemann PT, Thomsa C, Boyer KM (1985) Fatal eosinophilic meningoencephalitis and visceral larva migrans caused by the raccoon ascaridBaylisascaris procyonis. N Engl J Med 312:1619–1623

  4. 4.

    Gass JDM (1987) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. In: Gass JDM (ed) Stereoscopic atlas of macular diseases, vol 2. Mosby, St Louis, pp 470–475

  5. 5.

    Gass JDM (1991) Successful orally administered therapy in patients with diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. Fortschr Ophthalmol 88 [Suppl II]:390

  6. 6.

    Gass JDM, Braunstein RA (1983) Further observations concerning the diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol 101:1689–1697

  7. 7.

    Gass JDM, Scelfo R (1978) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. J R Soc Med 71:95–111

  8. 8.

    Gass JDM, Gilbert WR, Guerry RK, Scelfo R (1978) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. Ophthalmology 85:531–540

  9. 9.

    Jacquier P, Gottstein B, Stingelin Y, Eckert J (1991) Immunodiagnosis of toxocariasis in humans: evaluation of a new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. J Clin Microbiol 29:1831–1835

  10. 10.

    Jonas JB, Gusek GC, Guggenmoos-Holzmann I, Naumann GOH (1987) Variability of the absolute optic disc size in human living and donor eyes. Invest Ophthal Vis Sci [Suppl] 28:30

  11. 11.

    Kazacos KR, Boyce WM (1989)Baylisascaris larva migrans. J Am Vet Med Assoc 195:894–903

  12. 12.

    Kazacos KR, Reed WM, Kazacos EA, et al (1983) Fatal cerebrospinal disease caused byBaylisascaris procyonis. J Am Vet Assoc 183:967–971

  13. 13.

    Kazacos KR, Vestre WA, Kazacos EA (1984) Raccoon ascarid larvae (Baylisascaris procyonis) as a cause of ocular larva migrans. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 25:1177–1183

  14. 14.

    Kazacos KR, Vestre WA, Kazacos EA, Raymond LA (1984) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis syndrome: probable cause. Arch Ophthalmol 102:967–968

  15. 15.

    Kazacos KR, Raymond LA, Kazacos EA, Vestre WA (1985) The raccoon ascarid. A probable cause of human ocular larva migrans. Ophthalmology 92:1735–1744

  16. 16.

    Lamina J (1970) Immunbiologischer Nachweis einer “Larva migrans visceralis-Infektion”. II. Der Mikropräzipitationstest an der lebenden Larve. Zentralbl Bakt I Abt Orig 215:386–397

  17. 17.

    Littmann H (1982) Zur Bestimmung der wahren Größe eines Objektes auf dem Hintergrund des lebenden Auges. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 180:286–289

  18. 18.

    Olsen KR, Gass JDM (1989) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. In: Ryan SJ (ed) Retina, vol 2. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 655–661

  19. 19.

    Parsons HE (1952) Nematode chorioretinitis. Report of a case, with photographs of a viable worm. Arch Ophthalmol 47:799–800

  20. 20.

    Price JA, Wadsworth JAC (1970) An intraretinal worm. Report of a case of macular retinopathy caused by invasion of the retina by a worm. Arch Ophthalmol 83:768–770

  21. 21.

    Raymond LA, Gutierrez Y, Strong LE, Wander AH, Buten R, Cordan D (1978) Living retinal nematode (filarial-like) destroyed with photocoagulation. Ophthalmology 85:944–948

  22. 22.

    Salvanet-Bouccara A, Troussier H (1987) Neurorétinite diffuse subaiguë unilatérale. A propos d'un cas. J Fr Ophtalmol 10:667–672

  23. 23.

    Sivalingam A, Goldberg RE, Augsburger J, Frank P (1991) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. Arch Ophthalmol 109:1028

  24. 24.

    Toussaint D, Danis P (1965) Retinopathy in generalized Loaloa filariasis. A clinicopathological study. Arch Ophthalmol 74:470–476

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Michael Küchle.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Küchle, M., Knorr, H.L.J., Medenblik-Frysch, S. et al. Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis syndrome in a German most likely caused by the raccoon roundworm,Baylisascaris procyonis . Graefe's Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 231, 48–51 (1993).

Download citation


  • Public Health
  • Neuroretinitis
  • Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis
  • Raccoon Roundworm