Zeitschrift für Physik

, Volume 266, Issue 4, pp 245–255 | Cite as

X-ray production by 1.5–11 MeV protons

  • R. Akselsson
  • T. B. Johansson


K-shell ionization andL x-ray production cross-sections by proton impact have been determined from measurements ofK x-ray yields from thin targets of Ti, Fe, Co, Cu, Ni and Ag and ofL x-ray yields from Au and Pb. The proton energies varied from 1.5 to 11 MeV. A Si(Li) semiconductor detector recorded the x-rays. The total error in the measured cross-sections is mostly less than 5%.K β /K α ratios andL l,β,γ /L α ratios have been determined. Ionization cross-sections have been compared with predictions of the plane-wave Born approximation (PWBA) and the binary-encounter approximation (BEA). Both theories describe the ionization quite well: PWBA is, however, better for higher proton energies whereas BEA is superior for lower energies. An empirical formula for ionization cross-sections is derived.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Akselsson
    • 1
  • T. B. Johansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear PhysicsLund Institute of TechnologyLundSweden

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