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Ureterocystostomy in renal transplantation: Comparison of endo- and extravesical anastomoses

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Abstract

Among 241 renal transplants with implantation of the ureter into the urinary bladder, the endovesical technique of Politano and Leadbetter (PL) was used in 108 cases and the extravesical technique of Grégoir and Lieh (GrL) was used in 133. Urinary fistulas occurred in 10 patients (9.3%) with the PL technique and in only 1 patient (0.8%) with the GrL technique. The difference was highly significant (p<0.01). Stenosis of the ureter developed in 3 patients (2.8%) following the PL technique and in 9 patients (6.8%) after the GrL technique, an insignificant difference (p>0.10). None of the complications resulted in death or failure of transplantation. It is concluded that the extravesical technique of Grégoir and Lich is the best method of avoiding urinary leakage, which is the most dangerous urologic complication of kidney transplantation.

Résumé

Sur 241 transplantations rénales avec reconstruction de l'arbre urinaire par implantation urétéro-vésicale, 108 ont été faites selon la technique endovésicale de Politano-Leadbetter (P.L.), 133 selon la technique extravésicale de Grégoir-Lich (Gr.L).

Les complications observées ont été: 11 fistules urinaires, 10 (9.3%) après P.L., 1 (0.8%) après Gr.L. (P<0.01)

12 sténoses, 3 (2.8%) après P.L., 9 (6.8%) après Gr. L. (P>0.10).

Aucune de ces complications urologiques n'a entraÎné de décès ni d'échec de la transplantation.

La technique de Grégoir-Lich évite donc la complication urologique la plus grave de la transplantation rénale, la fistule urinaire.

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Correspondence to Professor P. Vereerstraeten M.D..

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Hooghe, L., Kinnaert, P., Schulman, C.C. et al. Ureterocystostomy in renal transplantation: Comparison of endo- and extravesical anastomoses. World J. Surg. 1, 231–235 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01665091

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Renal Transplant
  • Urinary Bladder
  • Good Method
  • Kidney Transplantation