Climatic Change

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 185–191 | Cite as

Commentary on the significance of global temperature records

  • James Hansen
  • Helene Wilson

References

  1. Angell, J. K. and Korshover, J.: 1983, ‘Global Temperature Variations in the Troposphere and Stratosphere, 1958–1982’,Mon. Wea. Rev. 111, 901–921.Google Scholar
  2. Bassett, G. W.: 1992, ‘Breaking Global Temperature Records’,Clim. Change 21, 303–315.Google Scholar
  3. Bassett, G. W. and Lin, Z.: 1993, ‘Breaking Global Temperature Recoreds after Mt. Pinatubo’,Clim. Change 23, this issue.Google Scholar
  4. Elliott, W. P. and Gaffen, D. J.: 1991, ‘On the Utility of Radiosonde Humidity Archives for Climate Studies’,Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.,72, 1507–1520.Google Scholar
  5. Gaffen, D. J.: 1993, ‘Historical Changes in Radiosonde Instruments and Practices’, WMO/TD-No. 541, Geneva, 123 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Hansen, J. and Lebedeff, S.: 1987, ‘Global Trends of Measured Surface Air Temperature’,J. Geophys Res. 92, 13, 345-13, 372.Google Scholar
  7. Hansen, J., Fung, I., Lacis, A., Rind, D., Lebedeff, S., Ruedy, R., Russell, G., and Stone, P.: 1988, ‘Global Climate Changes as Forecast by the Goddard Institute for Space Studies Three-Dimensional Model’,J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9341–9364.Google Scholar
  8. Hansen, J. E., Lacis, A. A., and Ruedy, R.A.: 1990, ‘Comparison of Solar and Other Influences on Long-Term Climate’, in Schatten, K. H. and Arking, A. (eds.),Climate Impact of Solar Variability, NASA CP 3086, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., 376 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Hansen, J., Rind, D., DelGenio, A., Lacis, A., Lebedeff, S., Prather, M., Ruedy, R., and Karl, T.: 1991, ‘Regional Greenhouse Climate Effects’, in Schlesinger, M. E. (ed.)Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climatic Change, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 211–229.Google Scholar
  10. Hansen, J., Lacis, A., Ruedy, R., and Sato, M.: 1992a, ‘Potential Climate Impact of Mount Pinatubo Eruption’,Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 215–218.Google Scholar
  11. Hansen, J., Rossow, W., and Fung, I.: 1992b, ‘Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks’, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Conference Publication, New York, 89 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Hansen, J., Lacis, A., Ruedy, R., Sato, M., and Wilson, H.: 1993, ‘How Sensitive is the World's Climate?’,Res. Explor. 9, 142–158.Google Scholar
  13. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: 1990,Climate Change, The IPCC Scientific Assessment, Houghton J. T., Jenkins, C. J., and Ephraums, J. J. (eds.), Cambridge Univ. Press, 365 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: 1992,Climate Change 1992, The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment, Houghton, J. T., Callander, B. A., and Varney, S. K. (eds.), Cambridge Univ. Press, 200 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Ivanov, A., Kats, A., Kurnosenko, S., Nash, J., and Zaitseva, N.: 1991, ‘WMO International Radiosonde Intercomparison Phase III’, WMO/TD-No. 451, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, 135 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Jones, P. D., Raper, S. C. B., Bradley, R. S., Diaz, H. F., Kelly, P. M., and Wigley, P. M. L.: 1986a, ‘Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature Variations: 1851–1984’,J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 25, 161–79.Google Scholar
  17. Jones, P. D., Raper, S. C. B., and Wigley, T. M. L.: 1986b, ‘Southern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature Variations: 1851–1984’,J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 25, 1213–30.Google Scholar
  18. Jones, P. D., Groisman, P. Y., Coughlan, M., Plummer, N., Wang, W. C., and Karl, T. R.: 1990, ‘Assessment of Urbanization Effects in Time Series of Surface Air Temperature over Land’,Nature 347, 169–172.Google Scholar
  19. Jones, P. D., Wigley, T. M. L., and Farmer, G.: 1991, ‘Marine and Land Temperature Data Sets: A Comparison and a Look at Recent Trends’, in Schlesinger, M. E. (ed.),Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climatic Change, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 153–172.Google Scholar
  20. Karl, T. R., Tarpley, J. D., Quayle, R. G., Diaz, H. F., Robinson, D. A., and Bradley, R. S.: 1989, ‘The Recent Climate Record: What It Can and Cannot Tell Us’,Rev. Geophys. 27, 405–430.Google Scholar
  21. Karl, T. R., Knight, R. W., and Christy, J. R.: 1993, ‘Global and Hemispheric Temperature Trends: ‘Uncertainties Related to Inadequate Spatial Sampling’,J. Clim. (in press).Google Scholar
  22. Nash, J. and Schmidlin, F. J.: 1987, ‘WMO International Radiosonde Comparison’, WMO/TD-No. 195, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, 103 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Spencer, R. W. and Christy, J. R.: 1992, ‘Precision and Radiosonde Validation of Satellite Gridpoint Temperature Anomalies’,J. Clim. 5, 847–866.Google Scholar
  24. Spencer, R. W., Christy, J. R., and Grody, N. C.: 1990, ‘Global Atmospheric Temperature Monitoring with Satellite Microwave Measurements: Methods and Results 1979-84’,J. Clim. 3, 1111–1128.Google Scholar
  25. Spencer, R. W., Christy, J. R., and Grody, N. C.: 1991, Precision Tropospheric Temperature Monitoring 1979–1990’,Paleogeo. Paleoclim. Paleoecol. 90, 113–120.Google Scholar
  26. Trenberth, K. E., Christy, J. R., and Hurrell, J. W.: 1992, ‘Monitoring Global Mean Monthly Surface Temperatures’,J. Clim. 5, 1405–1423.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Hansen
    • 1
  • Helene Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.NASA Goddard Institute for Space StudiesNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations