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Habitat preference of Great Argus Pheasant (Argusianus argus) in Kayan Mentarang National Park, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Habitatpräferenz des Großen Argusfasans (Argusianus argus) im Kayan Mentarang National Park, Ost Kalimantan, Indonesien

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Summary

Habitat preference and abundance of the Great Argus Pheasant was studied over a ten week period in the lowland forests of the Kayan Mentarang National Park, in the remote interior of Indonesian Borneo. Repeat line transect surveys, counting the number of vocalising males, were conducted in four different habitat types. Argus Pheasants were found to be most common in primary forest, and progressively less common in old and young secondary forests. Numbers of calling males were lowest in riverine forest. Argus Pheasant densities were positively correlated with a number of transect characteristics, viz. increasing tree diameter, tree height, height of the first bough and canopy cover, and with increasing remoteness. Dancing grounds were invariably located on ridges. The conservation status of the species on Borneo is briefly discussed. The Great Argus Pheasant is still widespread but thinly spread. The rapid rate of lowland forest clearance, fragmentation of once continuous habitat and increasing hunting pressure owing to increasing accessibility may become serious threats in the near future.

Zusammenfassung

Die Habitatpräferenz und das Vorkommen des Großen Argusfasans wurden zehn Wochen lang im Flachlandurwald des Kayan Mentarang National Park, tief im Inneren von Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesien, untersucht. Dazu wurden in vier verschiedenen Vegetationstypen die Anzahl vokalisierender Männchen entlang von Linientransekten festgestellt. Am häufigsten waren die Vögel im Primär-Urwald, seltener in altem und noch seltener in jüngerem Sekundärwald. Am geringsten war die Anzahl rufender Männchen in den flußnahen Wäldern. Die Häufigkeit des Vorkommens war positiv korreliert mit Stammdurchmesser, Stammhöhe, Höhe des ersten dicken Astes, Dichte der Krone und Entfernung zu Ansiedlungen. Die Balzpläte befanden sich immer auf Hügeln oder Hügelrücken. Der Argusfasan ist noch immer weitverbreitet aber nirgends häufig. Das rasche Abholzen von Flachlandwäldern und die zunehmende Jagd, die durch ein neues Wegenetz immer einfacher wird, sind die wichtigsten Gefährdungsfaktoren.

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Nijman, V. Habitat preference of Great Argus Pheasant (Argusianus argus) in Kayan Mentarang National Park, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. J Ornithol 139, 313–323 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01653342

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Key words

  • behavioural ecology
  • Borneo
  • conservation
  • Phasanidae
  • Galliformes