Advertisement

Journal für Ornithologie

, Volume 141, Issue 2, pp 203–206 | Cite as

Comments

  • Jaime García-MorenoEmail author
  • Jon Fjeldså
  • Karl-L. Schuchmann
Article

Keywords

Animal Ecology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Kommentare

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Avise, J. C. & Walker, D. (1998): Pleistocene phylogeographic effects on avian populations and the speciation process. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265: 457–463.Google Scholar
  2. Bleiweiss, R. (1998a): Slow rate of molecular evolution in high-elevation hummingbirds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95: 612–616.Google Scholar
  3. Bleiweiss, R. (1998b): Relative-rate tests and biological causes of molecular evolution in hummingbirds. Mol. Biol. Evol. 15: 481–491.Google Scholar
  4. Fjeldså, J. (1992): Biogeographic patterns and evolution of the avifauna of relict high-altitude woodlands of the Andes. Steenstrupia 18: 9–62.Google Scholar
  5. Fleischer, R. C., McIntosh, C. E. & Tarr, C. L. (1998): Evolution on a volcanic conveyer belt: using phylogeographic reconstructions and K-Ar-based ages of the Hawaiian Islands to estimate molecular evolutionary rates. Mol. Ecol. 7: 533–545.Google Scholar
  6. García-Moreno, J. & Fjeldså, J. (in press): A re-evaluation of species limits in the genusAtlapetes based on mtDNA sequences. Ibis.Google Scholar
  7. García-Moreno, J., Arctander, P. & Fjeldså, J. (1998): Pre-Pleistocene differentiation among chat-tyrants. Condor 100: 629–640.Google Scholar
  8. García-Moreno, J., Arctander, P. & Fjeldså, J. (in press). Strong diversification at the tree-line amongMetallura hummingbirds. Auk.Google Scholar
  9. Heindl, M. & Schuchmann, K.-L. (1998): Biogeography, geographical variation and taxonomy of the Andean hummingbird genusMetallura GOULD, 1847. J. Ornithol. 139: 425–473.Google Scholar
  10. Hillis, D. M., Mable, B. K. & Moritz, C. (1996): Applications of molecular systematics: the state of the field and a look to the future. In: Hillis, D. M., Moritz, C. & Mable, B. K. Eds.): Molecular Systematics: 515–543. Sunderland MA.Google Scholar
  11. Irwin, D. M., Kocher, T. D. & Wilson, A. C. (1991): Evolution of the cytochrome b gene of mammals. J. Mol. Evol. 32: 128–144.Google Scholar
  12. Klicka, J. & Zink, R. M. (1997): The importance of recent ice ages in speciation: a failed paradigm. Science 277: 1666–1669.Google Scholar
  13. Li, W. H. (1993): So, what about the molecular clock hypothesis? Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 3: 896–901.Google Scholar
  14. Remsen, J. V. (1984): High incidence of “leapfrog” pattern of geographic variation in Andean birds: implications for the speciation process. Science 224: 171–173.Google Scholar
  15. Remsen, J. V. & Graves, W. S. I. (1995): Distribution patterns and zoogeography ofAtlapetes brushfinches (Emberizinae) of the Andes. Auk 112: 210–224.Google Scholar
  16. Roy, M. S., Silva, J. M. C., Arctander, P., García-Moreno, J. & Fjeldså, J. (1997): The speciation of South American and African birds in montane regions. In: Mindell, D. P. (Ed.): Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics: 321–339. San Diego, CA.Google Scholar

References

  1. Arbogast, B. S. & Slowinski, J. B. (1998): Pleistocene speciation and the mitochondrial DNA clock.Science (Technical Comments) 282, no. 1955a.Google Scholar
  2. Haffer, J. (1974): Avian speciation in tropical South America. Publ. Nuttall Orn. Cl. 14. Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutsche Ornithologen-Gesellschaft/Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaime García-Moreno
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jon Fjeldså
    • 2
  • Karl-L. Schuchmann
    • 3
  1. 1.Museum of ZoologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Zoologisk MuseumCopenhagen ØDenmark
  3. 3.Research Group: Biology and Phylogeny of Tropical BirdsAlexander Koenig Research Institute and Museum of ZoologyBonnGermany

Personalised recommendations