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Klinische Wochenschrift

, Volume 68, Issue 19, pp 942–950 | Cite as

Sequential psychological testing during the course of autoimmune hyperthyroidism

  • R. Paschke
  • I. Harsch
  • B. Schlote
  • I. Vardarli
  • L. Schaaf
  • S. Kaumeier
  • J. Teuber
  • K. H. Usadel
Originals

Summary

Although the psychological disturbances accompanying Graves' disease are well known, the time required for normalisation of these disturbances during antithyroid drug treatment is not known. Therefore sequential psychological testing during the course of Graves' disease was done. There are also contradictory results concerning the possible correlation of neurophysiological and psychological test results during the course of Graves' disease with thyroid hormone values. Finally, psychological disturbances have been proposed as possible etiologic factors in Graves' disease.

In our study, a significant decrease in anxiety and irritability could be observed at the time euthyroidism was achieved. Self-evaluations of depressivity, activity, exhaustion, well-being, extraversion, introversion, and the ability to concentrate changed 1 or 2 months after euthyroidism was induced. Similar test results could be observed after induction of euthyroidism by antithyroid drugs and subtotal thyroid resection. Therefore the mode of therapy does not seem to influence the course of normalisation of psychological parameters.

In contrast to other investigations there was hardly any correlation between thyroid hormone values and psychological test results or the ability to concentrate. Nontheless, patients with Graves' disease showing high scores for depression and anxiety exhibit abnormal peripheral helper/suppressor T-lymphocyte relations. Furthermore, patients suffering from Graves' disease tend to be more anxious than controls. It remains to be determined whether an increased susceptibility to psychological disturbances has led to these alterations of lymphocyte subsets in Graves' disease patients with severe depression and anxiety.

Key words

Graves' disease Psychological tests Course of mental disturbances Lymphocyte subpopulations 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Paschke
    • 1
  • I. Harsch
    • 1
  • B. Schlote
    • 1
  • I. Vardarli
    • 1
  • L. Schaaf
    • 1
  • S. Kaumeier
    • 2
  • J. Teuber
    • 1
  • K. H. Usadel
    • 1
  1. 1.II. Medizinische KlinikKlinikum Mannheim der UniversitÄt HeidelbergMannheim
  2. 2.Zentralinstitut für Seelische GesundheitMannheim

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