Zeitschrift für Physik B Condensed Matter

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 23–30 | Cite as

Bistability and nonequilibrium phase transitions in a semiconductor recombination model with impact ionization of donors

  • E. Schöll


A model for a recombination instability in a semiconductor far from equilibrium is analysed. It is based upon the simultaneous impact ionization of ground state and excited donors at low temperature. The number and the stability of spatially homogeneous steady states and their dependence upon external control parameters is investigated. For certain values of these parameters bistability andS-shaped current-voltage characteristics are found. Nonequilibrium phase transitions of first order between low and high conductivity states can be induced by varying the applied voltage. If certain generation coefficients are negligible, the transition changes from first to second order above some “tricritical” value of the other parameters.


Neural Network Phase Transition Recombination Control Parameter Applied Voltage 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Schöll
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische Physik BRheinisch-Westfälische Technische HochschuleAachenFederal Republic of Germany

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