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Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 203–207 | Cite as

Problem based teaching and learning as a bridge from basic anatomy to clinical clerkships

  • S. Percac
  • D. A. Goodenough
Teaching

Summary

This article describes a Clinical Anatomy course designed to bridge basic anatomy with clinical clerkships. It is given in the second year, after the traditional dissecting anatomy course. Students revisit anatomy during small group discussions of clinical cases. An example of a case is described together with a summary of a typical group process stimulated by the case. The group process enables students to develop clinical thinking and problem solving skills fundamental to clinical practice. They learn to search for medical knowledge resources, and to work in teams. The tutor evaluates the students' progress based on their knowledge building, problem solving and development of their interpersonal skills. Problem based learning in this interdisciplinary anatomy course allows students and faculty both horizontal and vertical integration within the curriculum.

Key words

Medical education Anatomy 

Apprentissage et enseignement basés sur des problèmes : un pont entre l'anatomie de base et la clinique

Résumé

Cet article décrit un cours d'anatomie clinique programmé pour servir de pont entre l'anatomie de base et le métier de clinicien. Cet enseignement est réalisé pendant la deuxième année, après le cours de dissection traditionnel. Les étudiants révisent l'anatomie par petits groupes de discussion de cas cliniques. Un exemple type de présentation d'un cas clinique et de la discussion suscitée par lui est ici décrit. La discussion par groupes permet aux étudiants de développer une réflexion clinique et des aptitudes à résoudre des problèmes, qui sont fondamentales pour la pratique médicale. Ils apprennent à rechercher des sources d'information, et à travailler en équipe. L'enseignant évalue le progrès des étudiants sur la base de la construction de leur connaissance, leur capacité à résoudre des problèmes et le développement de leurs relations interpersonnelles. L'apprentissage basé sur des problèmes dans ce cours interdisciplinaire d'anatomie permet aux étudiants et à la faculté de s'intégrer de façon verticale et horizontale dans le cursus.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Percac
    • 1
  • D. A. Goodenough
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, School of MedicineUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Department of Cell BiologyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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