Advertisement

Current Microbiology

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 221–229 | Cite as

Description ofOceanospirillum kriegii sp. nov. andO. jannaschii sp. nov. and assignment of two species ofAlteromonas to this genus asO. commune comb. nov. andO. vagum comb. nov

  • Ron D. Bowditch
  • Linda Baumann
  • Paul Baumann
Article

Abstract

Immunological studies of Fe-containing superoxide dismutase (FeSOD) and glutamine synthetase (GS) have established a close relationship betweenOceanospirillum linum (the type species of the genus),O. beijerinckii, Alteromonas communis, A. vaga, and two unnamed species of marine bacteria (groups H-1 and I-1). The four latter species have, consequently, been assigned to the genusOceanospirillum asO. commune comb. nov.,O. vagum comb. nov.,O. kriegii sp. nov. (group H-1; type strain 197, ATCC 27133), andO. jannaschii sp. nov. (group I-1; type strain 207, ATCC 27135). The phenotypic properties of these species are presented together with their distinguishing traits.

Keywords

Superoxide Glutamine Superoxide Dismutase Type Strain Type Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Bang, S. S., Baumann, L., Woolkalis, M. J., Baumann, P. 1981. Evolutionary relationships inVibrio andPhotobacterium as determined by superoxide dismutase. Archives of Microbiology130:111–120.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baumann, L., Baumann, P. 1973. Enzymes of glucose catabolism in cell-free extracts of non-fermentative marine eubacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology19:302–304.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baumann, L., Baumann, P. 1974. Regulation of aspartokinase activity in non-fermentative, marine eubacteria. Archives of Microbiology95:1–18.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baumann, L., Baumann, P., Mandel, M., Allen, R. D. 1972. Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. Journal of Bacteriology110:402–429.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baumann, L., Bowditch, R. D., Baumann, P. 1983. Description ofDeleya gen. nov. created to accommodate the marine speciesAlcaligenes aestus, A. pacificus, A. cupidus, A. venustus, andPseudomonas marina. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology33:793–802.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baumann, P., Baumann, L. 1981. The marine Gram-negative eubacteria, pp. 1302–1331. In: Starr, M. P., Stolp, H., Trüper, H. G., Balows, A., Schlegel, H. G. (eds.), The prokaryotes, ch. 104. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Baumann, P., Baumann, L., Woolkalis, M. J., Bang, S. S. 1983. Evolutionary relationships inVibrio andPhotobacterium: a basis for a natural classification. Annual Review of Microbiology37:369–398.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baumann, P., Gauthier, M., Baumann, L. 1984. GenusAlteromonas, pp. 343–352. In: Krieg, N. R. (ed.), Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology, 9th edn. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chmpion, A. B., Prager, E. M., Wachter, D., Wilson, A. C. 1974. Microcomplement fixation, pp. 397–416. In: Wright, C. A. (ed.), Biochemical and immunological taxonomy of animals. New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    De Ley, J. 1978. Modern molecular methods in bacterial taxonomy: evaluation, application, prospects, pp. 347–357. In: Proceedings of the fourth international conference on plant pathology and bacteriology. Angers, vol. 1. Tours: Gibert-Clarey.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    DeLong, E. F., Baumann, L., Bowditch, R. D., Baumann, P. 1983. Evolutionary relationships of superoxide dismutases and glutamine synthetases from marine species ofAlteromonas, Oceanospirillum, Pseudomonas, andDeleya. Archives of Microbiology (in press).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    De Smedt, J., Bauwens, M., Tytgat, R., De Ley, J. 1980. Intra-and intergeneric similarities of ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons of free-living, nitrogen-fixing bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology30:106–122.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ferguson, A. 1980. Biochemical systematics and evolution. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hylemon, P. B., Wells, J. S., Krieg, N. R., Jannasch, H. W. 1973. The genusSpirillum: a taxonomic study. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology23:340–380.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ibrahimi, I. M., Prager, E. M., White, T. J., Wilson, A. C. 1979. Amino acid sequence of California quail lysozyme: effect of evolutionary substitutions on the antigenic structure of lysozyme. Biochemistry18:2736–2744.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Krieg, N. R. 1984. GenusOceanospirillum, pp. 140–150. In: Krieg, N. R. (ed.), Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology, 9th edn. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Krieg, N. R., Hylemon, P. E. 1976. The taxonomy of the chemoheterotrophic spirilla. Annual Review of Microbiology30:303–325.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Reichelt, J. L., Baumann, P. 1974. Effect of sodium chloride on growth of heterotrophic marine bacteria. Archives of Microbiology97:329–345.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sawyer, M. H., Baumann, P., Baumann, L. 1977. Pathways ofd-fructose andd-glucose catabolism in marine species ofAlcaligenes, Pseudomonas marina, andAlteromonas communis. Archives of Microbiology112:169–172.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Stackebrandt, E., Woese, C. R. 1981. The evolution of prokaryotes, pp. 1–32. In: Carlile, M. J., Collins, J. F., Moseley, B. E. B. (eds.), Molecular and cellular aspects of microbial evolution. London: Cambridge University.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stanier, R. Y., Palleroni, N. J., Doudoroff, M. 1966. The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. Journal of General Microbiology43:159–271.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Strength, W. J., Isani, B., Linn, D. M., Williams, F. D., Vandermolen, G. E., Laughon, B. E., Krieg, N. R. 1976. Isolation and characterization ofAquaspirillum fasciculus sp. nov., a rod-shaped, nitrogen-fixing bacterium having unusual flagella. International Journal of systematic Bacteriology26:253–268.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Swings, J., De Vos, P., Van den Mooter, M., De Ley, J. 1983. Transfer ofPseudomonas maltophilia Hugh 1981 to the genusXanthomonas asXanthomonas maltophilia (Hugh 1981) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology33:409–413.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Terasaki, Y. 1979. Transfer of five species and two subspecies ofSpirillum to other genera (Aquaspirillum andOceanospirillum), with emended descriptions of the species and subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology29:130–144.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Woese, C. R., Blanz, P., Hespell, R. B., Hahn, C. M. 1982. Phylogenetic relationships among various helical bacteria. Current Microbiology7:119–124.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Woolkalis, M. J., P. Baumann. 1981. Evolution of alkaline phosphatase in marine species ofVibrio. Journal of Bacteriology147:36–45.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ron D. Bowditch
    • 1
  • Linda Baumann
    • 1
  • Paul Baumann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BacteriologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

Personalised recommendations