Osteoporosis International

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 72–75 | Cite as

Increase in femoral bone density in young women following high-impact exercise

  • E. J. Bassey
  • S. J. Ramsdale
Original Article

Abstract

Healthy premenopausal women were randomized into control and test groups; both exercised weekly in class and daily at home for a year. The test class did intermittent high-impact exercise; the control class did low-impact exercise. Bone density was assessed blind using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry at the femur (neck, Ward's triangle and trochanter) and at the lumbar spine (antero-posterior L1–4) on entry into the study, and again after 6 months (n=27) and 12 months (n=19). At 6 months the test group (n=14) showed a significant increase of 3.4% in trochanteric bone density (p=0.01) and this was significantly different from control (p=0.05). In the second 6 months the control group was crossed over to high-impact exercise and showed a significant increase of 4.1% in trochanteric density (n=7) while the original group maintained their improvement relative to baseline.

Keywords

Bone density Exercise Femur Lumbar spine Radius Women 

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Copyright information

© European Foundation for Osteoporosis 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. J. Bassey
    • 1
  • S. J. Ramsdale
    • 1
  1. 1.Nottingham Osteoporosis Research GroupQueen's Medical CentreNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical SchoolQueen's Medical CentreNottinghamUK

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