Osteoporosis International

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 167–175

Determinants of bone mass in Chinese women aged 21–40 years. II. Pattern of dietary calcium intake and association with bone mineral density

  • S. C. Ho
  • P. C. Leung
  • R. Swaminathan
  • C. Chan
  • S. S. G. Chan
  • Y. K. Fan
  • R. Lindsay
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01623064

Cite this article as:
Ho, S.C., Leung, P.C., Swaminathan, R. et al. Osteoporosis Int (1994) 4: 167. doi:10.1007/BF01623064

Abstract

A study on the determinants of bone mass in young women is being carried out among 287 young Chinese women aged 21–40 years. The baseline cross-sectional data show that the mean dietary calcium intake, estimated from the quantitative food frequency method, was 448 mg/day (standard deviation = 219). About 50% of the calcium source was from vegetables and 22% from dairy products. Among women aged 21–30 years, those with a dietary calcium intake of at least 600 mg/day had a 4%–7% higher mean bone mineral density at the spine and femur when compared with those with a mean intake below 300 mg/day. In women aged 31–40 years, subjects belonging to the highest quartile of calcium density (⩾35 mg/420 kJ) had a 3%–8% higher mean bone mineral density at the spine and femur when compared with those in the lowest quartile (<20.8 mg/420 kJ). Favorable calcium intake is beneficial in this population of young women with habitual low dietary calcium intake.

Keywords

Bone mineral density Calcium density Calcium:protein ratio Dietary calcium Young Chinese women 

Copyright information

© European Foundation for Osteoporosis 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. C. Ho
    • 1
  • P. C. Leung
    • 2
  • R. Swaminathan
    • 3
  • C. Chan
    • 1
  • S. S. G. Chan
    • 1
  • Y. K. Fan
    • 1
  • R. Lindsay
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Community and Family MedicineThe Chinese University of Hong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyPrince of Wales HospitalHong Kong
  3. 3.Department of Clinical BiochemistryGuy's Hospital Medical SchoolLondonUK
  4. 4.College of Physicians and SurgeonsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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