Helgoländer wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 348–353

Erstnachweis vonPolycheles typhlops (Decapoda reptantia) für isländische Gewässer

  • Adolf Kotthaus


1. Das Vorkommen vonPolycheles typhlops in den borealen isländischen Gewässern wird erstmals nachgewiesen.

2. Eine typische, bei anderen Dekapoden nicht beobachtete Scherenhaltung konnte bei den im Aquarium gehaltenen Tieren festgestellt werden; sie kann mit der Lebensweise der Tiere in Verbindung gebracht werden.

First record ofPolycheles typhlops (Decapoda reptantia) in Icelandic waters


During the ICNAF “NORWESTLANT SURVEY 2”, June 1963, two femalePolycheles typhlopsHeller 1862, 10 and 12 cm long respectively, were caught with an otter trawl off the southwest coast of Iceland at a depht of 450 m. Up to now this species has only been known to inhabit the abyssal regions in the moderate and warm areas of the Atlantic Ocean (including the Mediterranean) and the Indian Ocean. Our specimens are the first of this species to be found in boreal waters; its distribution seems therefore to be wider than hitherto assumed. Since juvenile stages, previously described as a distinct crustacean species,Eryoneicus puritani, are occasionally found in plankton catches of the central North Atlantic, there is no doubt that this species is native to these waters and does not occure by chance in this area. A list of previous records of its occurrence, probably not complete, is given in Table 1.

Zitierte literatur

  1. Adensamer, Th., 1898. Decapoden, gesammelt auf SMS „Pola“.Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-nat. Kl. 45.Google Scholar
  2. Alcock, A., 1901. A descriptive catalogue of the Indian deep-sea crustacea decapoda macrura and anomala in the Indian Museum. Indian Museum, Calcutta, 237.Google Scholar
  3. Bouvier, E. L., 1905. Sur les palinurides et les eryonides récueillis dans l'Atlantique oriental pendant les campagnes de 〈l'Hirondelle〉 et de la 〈Princesse Alice〉.C. r. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci. 140, 479.Google Scholar
  4. —— 1917. Crustacés décapodes (Macrures marcheurs) provenants des campagnes des yachtes 〈Hirondelle〉 et 〈Princesse Alice〉.Résult. Camp. scient. Albert I 50, 61.Google Scholar
  5. Heller, C., 1862. Beiträge zur näheren Kenntnis der Macrouren.Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-nat. Kl. 45 (1), 398–426.Google Scholar
  6. Lo Bianco, S., 1903. Le pesche abissali eseguite da F. A. Krupp col Yacht 〈Puritan〉.Mitt. zool. Stn. Neapel 16, 187.Google Scholar
  7. Milne-Edwards, A., 1880. Report on the results of dredging in the Gulf of Mexico by the “Blake”.Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv. 8 (1), 65.Google Scholar
  8. —— &Bouvier, E. L., 1900. Crustacés décapodes. Pt 1: Brachyures et Anomoures.In: Expéditions scientifiques du 〈Travailleur〉 et du 〈Talisman〉 pendant les années 1880–1883. Masson & Cie, Paris, Fasc. 6. 1901.Google Scholar
  9. Riggio, G., 1885. Appunti di carcinologia Siciliana: sulPolycheles doederleini.Naturalista sicil. 4, 99.Google Scholar
  10. Santucci, R., 1931. La biologia del fondo a „Scampi“ nel Mare Ligure. 4.Polycheles typhlops Heller, decapode erionide.Boll. Musei Lab. Zool. Anat. comp. R. Univ. Genova 11 (44), 1–5.Google Scholar
  11. —— 1932. La biologia del fondo a „Scampi“ nel Mare Ligure. 7. Per la conoscenza delPolycheles typhlops Heller del Mediterraneo.Boll. Musei Lab. Zool. Anat. comp. R. Univ. Genova 12 (56), 1–4.Google Scholar
  12. Selbie, C. M., 1914. The decapoda reptantia of the coast of Ireland.Scient. Invest. Fish Brch Ire. 1, 1–116.Google Scholar
  13. Senna, A., 1902. Nota sui crustacei decapodi.Bull. Sci. Ent. Ital. 34.Google Scholar
  14. Stephensen, K., 1935. Crustacea decapoda.Zoology Iceland 3 (25), 1–31.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Biologischen Anstalt Helgoland 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adolf Kotthaus
    • 1
  1. 1.Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, ZentraleHamburg-Altona

Personalised recommendations