Zeitschrift für Ernährungswissenschaft

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 262–269

Variations of neutral oligosaccharides and lactose in human milk during the feeding

  • S. Thurl
  • J. Henker
  • H. Taut
  • K. Tovar
  • G. Sawatzki
Originalarbeiten

Summary

There exist only few data concerning the variation of oligosaccharides in human milk. In this study the variations of neutral oligosaccharides and of lactose in human milk during the feeding were determined from five women at day 8 and at day 57 post partum. The milk of the investigated feedings was divided in four parts of equal volumes during sampling; the concentrations of neutral oligosaccharide fractions were determined by gel permeation chromatography on Fractogel TSK HW 40 (S) columns. No significant differences in the concentrations of the neutral oligosaccharide groups monofucosyllactoses, difucosyllactose, lacto-N-tetraoses, monofucosyllacto-N-tetraoses and difucosyllacto-N-tetraoses and of lactose were found in the four milk parts. The results of this study favor the use of socalled mid-feed samples, a simple and convenient sampling method for analytical studies of human milk. Mid-feed samples are representative of the whole feeding as concerned for neutral oligosaccharides.

Key words

Human milk oligosaccharides feeding gel permeation chromatography mid-feed sample 

Variation von neutralen Oligosacchariden und von Lactose in Humanmilch während des Stillvorganges

Zusammenfassung

Über die Variation von Oligosacchariden in Humanmilch liegen nur wenig Daten vor. In dieser Studie werden die Änderungen von neutralen Oligosacchariden und von Lactose während des Stillvorgangs bei 5 Frauen am Tag 8 und am Tag 57 nach der Geburt bestimmt. Die Milchproben der untersuchten Stillvorgänge wurden zu jeweils 4 Teilen gleichen Volumens gesammelt. Die Konzentration der neutralen Oligosaccharide wurde durch Gelchromatographie mit Fractogel TSK HW 40 (S) Säulen bestimmt. In den jeweils 4 Milchteilen der Stillvorgänge waren bei den Konzentrationen der neutralen Oligosaccharidgruppen Monofucosyllactosen, Difucosyllactose, Lacto-N-tetraosen, Monofucosyllacto-N-tetraosen und Difucosyllacto-N-tetraosen und bei Lactose keine signifikanten Unterschiede festzustellen. Die Ergebnisse dieser Studie stützen die sogenannte „mid-feed“ Sammeltechnik als eine einfache und praktische Probennahmemethode für analytische Milchstudien. Die „mid-feed“ Proben sind bezüglich der Oligosaccharide repräsentativ für die gesamte Milch eines Stillvorganges.

Schlüsselwörter

Humanmilch Oligosaccharide Stillvorgang Gelpermeationschromatographie „mid-feed“ Proben 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Thurl
    • 1
  • J. Henker
    • 2
    • 1
  • H. Taut
    • 2
    • 1
  • K. Tovar
    • 1
  • G. Sawatzki
    • 1
  1. 1.Research DepartmentMilupa AGFriedrichsdorf
  2. 2.Klinik für Kinderheilkunde der Medizinischen Akademie „Carl Gustav Carus“DresdenFRG

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