Acta Biotheoretica

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 16–36 | Cite as

On territorial behavior and other factors influencing habitat distribution in birds

I. Theoretical development
  • Stephen Dewitt Fretwell
  • Henry L. LucasJr.


Territorial Behavior Habitat Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allee, W. C., A. E. Emerson, O. Park, T. Park &K. P. Schmidt (1949). Principles of Animal Ecology. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, xii + 837 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, J. L. (1964). The evolution of diversity in avian territorial systems. - Wilson Bull., 76, 160–169.Google Scholar
  3. Gibb, J. (1961). Bird populations, pp. 413–446. In:A. J. Marshall (ed.), Biology and Comparative Physiology of Birds. II. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Howard, F. (1920). Territory in Bird Life. Atheneum, London, 239 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Huxley, J. S. (1934). A natural experiment on the territorial instinct. - Brit. Birds, 27, 270–277.Google Scholar
  6. Johnston, R. F. (1961). Population movements of birds. - Condor, 63, 386–388.Google Scholar
  7. Kluyver, H. N. &L. Tinbergen (1953). Territory and the regulation of density in titmice. - Arch. Neerl. Zool, 10, 265–289.Google Scholar
  8. Lack, D. (1954). The natural regulation of animal numbers. Clarendon Press, Oxford, viii + 343 pp.Google Scholar
  9. — (1964). A long term study of the great tit (Parus major). - J. Anim. Ecol., 33 (Suppl.), 159–173.Google Scholar
  10. — (1966). Population Studies of Birds. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 341 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Nice, Margaret M. (1937). Studies in the life history of the Song Sparrow I. - Trans. Linn. Soc., N. Y., viii + 246 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Sabine, Winifred (1955). The winter society of the Oregon Junco: the flock. - Condor, 57, 88–110.Google Scholar
  13. Stewart, R. E. &J. W. Aldrich (1951). Removal and repopulation of breeding birds in a spruce-fir forest community. - Auk, 68, 471–482.Google Scholar
  14. Tinbergen, N. (1957). The functions of territory. - Bird Study, 4, 14–27.Google Scholar
  15. Wynne Edwards, V. C. (1962). Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behavior. Hafner Publishing Company, New York. xi + 653 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. J. Brill 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Dewitt Fretwell
    • 1
  • Henry L. LucasJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomathematics Program, Department of Experimental StatisticsNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations