The Annals of Regional Science

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 243–261 | Cite as

Affinities and frictions of trade networks

  • Börje Johansson
  • Lars Westin


This paper formulates a theoretical framework in which the analysis starts with supplier-customer links of micro type. From this we derive aggregate trade links between nodes in a spatial network. It is shown how affinities and barriers shape and influence the establishment of customer links, and how this forms aggregate patterns of flows. The framework is applied to three types of models for determining trade patterns — random discrete choice, information theory and gravity models. Essentially equivalent solutions are derived.


Information Theory Environmental Economic Gravity Model Discrete Choice Trade Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Börje Johansson
    • 1
  • Lars Westin
    • 2
  1. 1.Infrastructure and PlanningRoyal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of UmeåUmeåSweden

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