, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 25–29 | Cite as

Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias: a report of 26 cases

  • T. Z. NursalEmail author
  • M. Ugurlu
  • M. Kologlu
  • E. Hamaloglu


Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias, when diagnosed many years after the traumatic event, are observed in about 10% of diaphragmatic injuries. Due to coexisting injuries and the silent nature of diaphragmatic injuries, the diagnosis is easily missed or difficult. The medical records of 26 patients, who were treated for diaphragmatic hernias during the last 20 years, were analysed retrospectively. The patients were divided into acute phase and late-presenting groups, in whom emergency surgery and elective intervention were performed respectively. Chest radiography was diagnostic in 34.6% (n=9) of patients. 92.3% of the hernias were on the left side, while the most common herniated organs were the stomach (31.8%) and the colon (27.2%). Coexisting injuries were recorded in 38.4% (n=10) of the patients. Primary repair was predominantly used (92.3%). The hospitalisation period was longer in the late-presenting group (24.1±18.8 vs. 14.3±7.7 days). Two deaths occurred in the late-presenting group. Diaphragmatic hernia should be suspected in all blunt abdominal trauma patients. Prompt surgical repair is the treatment of choice in all traumatic diaphragmatic hernias.

Key words

Diaphragmatic hernia Trauma Blunt abdominal trauma 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Z. Nursal
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Ugurlu
    • 2
  • M. Kologlu
    • 2
  • E. Hamaloglu
    • 2
  1. 1.General Surgery Department Dr. Turgut Noyan Research HospitalBaskent UniversityAdanaTurkey
  2. 2.General Surgery DepartmentHacettepe University HospitalAnkaraTurkey

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