The Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 22, Issue 1–4, pp 141–151 | Cite as

Clinical investigation of simple schizophrenia

  • Otto Kant


A group of 64 schizophrenic patients who had been diagnosed simple type was clinically investigated and the majority of these patients (55) personally examined. Though being much more inconspicuous than the other clinical subtypes, the simple type proved to be most characteristically schizophrenic as to heredity, personality make-up, early environmental situations and failure to shoulder normal responsibilities.

All patients were found to have evidenced some psychotic experiences or exhibited psychotic behavior other than disintegration either before or during their hospitalizations.

Whereas the simple schizophrenic apparently is in much better contact than other types of schizophrenic patients, disintegration is also a universal feature in this group.

Instead of psychotic fantasy-reaction, the simple schizophrenic tends to attempt reality-fulfillment of his basic drives on a primitive level.

Outstanding among the dynamic features are pre-psychotic lack of assertiveness and disorganized early home environments which did not provide satisfactory models for the development of the ego. While frequently overlapping, either one of these two features was present in every case.


Schizophrenia Schizophrenic Patient Simple Type Psychotic Experience Sexual Adjustment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Malamud, William, and Render, Norman: Course and prognosis in schizophrenia. Am. J. Psychiat., 95:1039, March 1939.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kant, O.: The incidence of psychoses and other mental abnormalities in the families of recovered and deteriorated schizophrenic patients.Psychiat. Quart., 16:176–190, January 1942.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kallmann, Franz J.: The Genetics of Schizophrenia. J. J. Augustin. New York. 1938.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kant, O.: Clinical analysis of schizophrenic deterioration.Psychiat. Quart., 17:426–445, July 1943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kant, O.: Differential diagnosis of schizophrenia in the light of the concept of personality-stratification. Am. J. Psychiat., 97: 2, 342–357, September 1940.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Malamud, William, and Malamud, Irene: A socio-psychiatric investigation of schizophrenia occurring in the armed forces. Psychosom. Med., 5:364–375, October 1943.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rosenzweig, Saul: Sibling death as a psychological experience with special reference to schizophrenia. Psychoan. Rev., 30:2, 177–186, April 1943.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Blum, Gerald S., and Rosenzweig, Saul: The incidence of sibling and parental deaths in the anamnesis of female schizophrenics. J. Gen. Psychol., 31: 3–13, July 1944.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Psychiatric Quarterly 1948

Authors and Affiliations

  • Otto Kant
    • 1
  1. 1.Research ServiceWorcester State HospitalWorcester

Personalised recommendations